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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Multi-scale mapping of oil-sands in Anhembi (Brazil) using imaging spectroscopy

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Asadzadeh, Saeid [1] ; de Souza Filho, Carlos Roberto [1] ; Nanni, Marcos R. [2] ; Batezelli, Alessandro [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, POB 6152, BR-13083855 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Maringa, Av Colombo 5790, Maringa, Parana - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation; v. 82, OCT 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

In this work, oil-sand outcrops of the Anhembi deposit located in the Parana Basin, Brazil, were investigated using multi-scale imaging spectroscopy. The study incorporated VNIR-SWIR (400-2500 nm) spectroscopic data from imaging (i.e. sisuCHEMA) and nonimaging (i.e. FieldSpec-4) instruments in the lab, an AisaFENIX hyperspectral system on the ground and from the air, and WorldView-3 multispectral instrument. The aim was to assess the usefulness of emerging remote sensing technologies in characterizing hydrocarbon-bearing targets and understand the spatial variability of oil-sands at different scales using multi-source spectroscopic data. The bitumen content of the sands, estimated to be as high as 12 wt. %, was revealed to be unevenly distributed at all scales. Its distribution was shown to be controlled mainly by the clay proportion and permo-porosity of the strata, with the sand sheet facies corresponding to the highest bitumen contents. The ubiquitous clays, identified to be dominantly montmorillonite, were found to be intimately mixed with bitumen at all studied scales. The mean bitumen content was estimated to decrease from (similar to) 6 to 4.5% while moving from small-, to deposit-scale as a consequence of the pixel aggregation effect and incremental clay contribution. The study showed that bitumen determination on the ground requires an imaging system with a high signal-to-noise ratio and good illumination conditions. Spectral denoising is also a crucial prerequisite for the extraction of coherent spectral information from the data. WV-3 data was proved capable of resolving HC's feature at 1700 nm wavelength by its SWIR band-4 over targets encompassing > 30% of the 7.5 m SWIR pixel; albeit it was not successful in determining the total bitumen content of the sands. This work indicated that HC signatures, particularly the one centered at 2300 nm, is consistent and comparable among scales, and upon employing properly calibrated data, could be used to confidently map the bitumen content of oil-sands at all imaging scales. A multi-scale spectroscopic approach can provide a complete picture of the variations in geologic targets and is able to fill the gap in scale differences across scales that when integrated, would add synergy and help reduce the uncertainties associated with ore grade estimation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/25002-7 - Evaluation of Longwave Infrared (LWIR) and surface temperature data for terrestrial hydrocarbon microseepage characterization
Grantee:Saeid Asadzadeh
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/06663-7 - Characterization and Comparative Study of Onshore Hydrocarbon Seepages and Petroleum Plays in Central Iran and Southeastern Brazil using Spectral Remote Sensing
Grantee:Saeid Asadzadeh
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate