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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Enantiomers of fuscumol acetate comprise the aggregation-sex pheromone of the South American cerambycid beetle Psapharochrus maculatissimus, and likely pheromones of the cerambycids Eupromerella plaumanni and Hylettus seniculus

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Silva, Weliton D. [1] ; Zou, Yunfan [2, 3] ; Hanks, Lawrence M. [4] ; Bento, Jose Mauricio S. [1] ; Millar, Jocelyn G. [2, 3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Entomol & Acarol, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Calif Riverside, Dept Entomol, Riverside, CA 92521 - USA
[3] Univ Calif Riverside, Dept Chem, Riverside, CA 92521 - USA
[4] Univ Illinois, Dept Entomol, Urbana, IL 61801 - USA
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata; v. 167, n. 11, p. 915-921, NOV 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1

There is increasing evidence that pheromone chemistry within the large coleopteran family Cerambycidae is often highly conserved, with numerous related species sharing the same pheromone components. As a result, traps containing these components can attract multiple cerambycid species simultaneously. In the present study, we exploited this concept in the identification of the male-produced aggregation-sex pheromone of the South American species Psapharochrus maculatissimus (Bates) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae, subfamily Lamiinae, tribe Acanthoderini). Initially, live adults of both sexes were caught using a trap baited with a lure containing a blend of known cerambycid pheromone components. Headspace volatiles were collected from live beetles and analyzed by coupled gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Males of P. maculatissimus sex-specifically produced a 1:38 blend of (R)-fuscumol acetate ({[}2R,5E]-6,10-dimethylundeca-5,9-dien-2-yl acetate) and (S)-fuscumol acetate, which were both components of the pheromone lures to which they had been attracted. In more focused field trials, traps baited with the (S)-enantiomer, or a blend approximating the natural 1:38 ratio of (R)- to (S)-enantiomers, attracted adults of both sexes in approximately equal numbers. During bioassays, adults of the lamiine species Eupromerella plaumanni (Fuchs) (tribe Acanthoderini) and Hylettus seniculus (Germar) (Acanthocinini) also were attracted, but to different lures, with E. plaumanni being attracted to the racemic mixture of the two enantiomers of fuscumol acetate, whereas H. seniculus was attracted specifically to (R)-fuscumol acetate. Our results suggest that differences between these sympatric species in the stereochemistry of fuscumol acetate impart species-specificity to pheromone communication channels, similar to what has been found recently with lamiine species from other continents. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/26936-2 - Semiochemical mediators of communication of the Cerambycinae and Lamiinae (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) species in Cerrado and Atlantic Forest areas of São Paulo State
Grantee:Weliton Dias da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/50871-0 - INCT 2014: National Institute of Science and Technology of Semiochemicals in Agriculture
Grantee:José Roberto Postali Parra
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants