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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Ghrelin effects on mitochondrial fitness modulates macrophage function

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da Silva, Felipe Correa [1] ; Aguiar, Cristhiane [1] ; Pereira, Jessica A. S. [2, 1] ; Monteiro, Lauar de Brito [1] ; Davanzo, Gustavo Gastao [1] ; Codo, Ana Campos [1] ; de Freitas, Leonardo Pimentel [1] ; Berti, Aline Siqueira [3] ; Ferrucci, Danilo Lopes [3] ; Castelucci, Bianca Gazieri [4] ; Consonni, Silvio Roberto [4] ; Carvalho, Hernandes F. [3] ; Moraes-Vieira, Pedro M. M. [2, 1]
Total Authors: 13
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Lab Immunometab, Dept Genet Evolut Microbiol & Immunol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Immunol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Struct & Funct Biol, Lab Extracellular Matrix, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biochem & Tissue Biol, Lab Cytochem & Immunocytochem, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Free Radical Biology and Medicine; v. 145, p. 61-66, DEC 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Over the past years, systemic derived cues that regulate cellular metabolism have been implicated in the regulation of immune responses. Ghrelin is an orexigenic hormone produced by enteroendocrine cells in the gastric mucosa with known immunoregulatory roles. The mechanism behind the function of ghrelin in immune cells, such as macrophages, is still poorly understood. Here, we explored the hypothesis that ghrelin leads to alterations in macrophage metabolism thus modulating macrophage function. We demonstrated that ghrelin exerts an immunomodulatory effect over LPS-activated peritoneal macrophages, as evidenced by inhibition of TNF-alpha and IL-beta secretion and increased IL-12 production. Concomitantly, ghrelin increased mitochondrial membrane potential and increased respiratory rate. In agreement, ghrelin prevented LPS-induced ultrastructural damage in the mitochondria. Ghrelin also blunted LPS-induced glycolysis. In LPS-activated macrophages, glucose deprivation did not affect ghrelin-induced IL-12 secretion, whereas the inhibition of pyruvate transport and mitochondria-derived ATP abolished ghrelin-induced IL-12 secretion, indicating a dependence on mitochondrial function. Ghrelin pre-treatment of metabolic activated macrophages inhibited the secretion of TNF-alpha and enhanced IL-12 levels. Moreover, ghrelin effects on IL-12, and not on TNF-alpha, are dependent on mitochondria elongation, since ghrelin did not enhance IL-12 secretion in metabolic activated mitofusin-2 deficient macrophages. Thus, ghrelin affects macrophage mitochondrial metabolism and the subsequent macrophage function. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/23679-0 - Study of the function of LXRs receptors in the modulation of t CD4 + lymphocytes in vitro and in vivo
Grantee:Leonardo Pimentel de Freitas
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 16/18031-8 - HIF-1 alpha in metabolic and functional control of adipose tissue resident macrophages in diabetes induced by obesity
Grantee:Gustavo Gastão Davanzo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/12848-5 - Studying NKT cell metabolism in obesity and metabolic syndrome
Grantee:Cristhiane Favero de Aguiar
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 18/22505-0 - Effect of 12-oleic acid ester of hydroxy fatty acid (12-OAHSA) on inflammatory and metabolic pathways of macrophage activation
Grantee:Ana Campos Codo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 15/15626-8 - Macrophages and T lymphocytes immunometabolism in metabolic and inflammatory diseases
Grantee:Pedro Manoel Mendes de Moraes Vieira
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/00079-7 - Effects of LXRs receptor activation on systemic metabolic parameters and on the metabolic modulation of resident tissue macrophages of adipose tissue
Grantee:Jéssica Aparecida da Silva Pereira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/06225-5 - Influence of synthetic ([Nle 4, D-Phe7] -±-MSH on microglia metabolism: possible implications on obesity development
Grantee:Felipe Corrêa da Silva
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master