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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Formation of satellite uredinia as an important trait related to grapevine colonization by Phakopsora meliosmae-myrianthae

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Primiano, V, I. ; Loehrer, M. [1] ; Schaffrath, U. [1] ; Amorim, L. [2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Dept Plant Physiol, Worringerweg 1, D-52056 Aachen - Germany
[2] Primiano, I., V, Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Plant Pathol & Nematol, ESALQ, Av Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLANT PATHOLOGY; v. 68, n. 9, p. 1732-1740, DEC 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Phakopsora meliosmae-myrianthae, the causal agent of Asian grapevine leaf rust, significantly reduces the photosynthetic efficiency of grapevine leaves in green symptomless tissues surrounding lesions. This study took a close look at grapevine leaf colonization kinetics by P. meliosmae-myrianthae and compared it to P. pachyrhizi-soybean and Uromyces appendiculatus-bean colonization. It is already known from the literature that soybean rust, similar to grapevine rust, has a negative effect on leaf photosynthesis greater than would be expected based on visual lesions. However, in contrast to soybean and grapevine rusts, the effect of bean rust on leaf photosynthesis is proportional to the diseased leaf area. Colonization progress was monitored by fungal biomass assessed via histological staining and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Individual lesions of P. meliosmae-myrianthae on grapevine, P. pachyrhizi on soybean and U. appendiculatus on common bean leaves were evaluated every 3-4 days, and the number of uredinia was counted. Staining showed that mycelial colonization did not extend beyond the lesion border. The number of P. pachyrhizi and P. meliosmae-myrianthae uredinia within the lesions increased over time (on average 14-fold), whereas the number of U. appendiculatus uredinia remained the same. These findings were corroborated by qPCR, which revealed a greater increase in fungal biomass for Phakopsora spp. than for U. appendiculatus until 12 days post-inoculation. The high number of satellite uredinia within lesions might be directly related to the impact of this pathogen in photosynthetic efficiency on symptomless areas of diseased grapevine leaves. This study identified accelerated formation of satellite uredinia as an important feature of grapevine colonization by P. meliosmae-myrianthae. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/26108-8 - Aggressiveness of Phakopsora: a comparative analysis of grapevine and soybean rusts with emphasis to histopathology and epidemiology
Grantee:Isabela Vescove Primiano
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/24003-9 - Grape diseases: epidemiology, damage assessment and control
Grantee:Lilian Amorim
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/25111-8 - Microscopic analysis of different Phakopsora species on Arabidopsis thaliana: a model to investigate fungal colonization
Grantee:Isabela Vescove Primiano
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate