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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Discretion, power and the reproduction of inequality in health policy implementation: Practices, discursive styles and classifications of Brazil's community health workers

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Author(s):
Nunes, Joao [1] ; Lotta, Gabriela [2]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ York, Dept Polit, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire - England
[2] Getulio Vargas Fdn, Dept Publ Management, Av Nove Julho 2029, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE; v. 242, DEC 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

This article explores the mobilization of power by health workers during policy implementation, showing how in a context of discretion and resource scarcity they can reproduce inequalities in access to health services. The argument innovates theoretically by supplementing the `street-level bureaucracy' literature, which emphasizes frontline worker discretion, with a conceptualization of power as domination encompassing the shaping of behavior, the constitution of subjects and the reproduction of inequality. Empirically, the article focuses on Brazilian community health workers (agentes comunitarios de saude, CHWs). CHWs are a neglected but highly important segment of the health workforce that traditionally functions as a link between the health system and disadvantaged groups. The article examines how Brazilian CHWs act as street-level bureaucrats mobilizing power in their interactions with users. They operate within a severely under-resourced public health system, the Sistema Unico de Saude, which places constraints upon their action and forces them to make allocation decisions with little training and support. The article highlights the ways in which inequalities in access to health services are reproduced (inadvertently or not) through the practices, discursive styles and classifications of CHWs. Methodologically, the paper is based on ethnography with 24 CHWs and interviews with 77 other CHWs in Brazil. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/24750-0 - Street level bureaucracy: discretion uses and its impact in inclusion, exclusion and inequalities (re)production
Grantee:Gabriela Spanghero Lotta
Support type: Regular Research Grants