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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Study of collision probability considering a non-uniform cloud of space debris

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Silva Formiga, Jorge Kennety [1] ; Souza dos Santos, Denilson Paulo [2] ; Fiore, Fabiana A. [1] ; de Moraes, Rodolpho Vilhena [3] ; Prado, Antonio Fernando Bertachini A. [4]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Inst Sci & Technol, UNESP, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Sao Joao Da Boa Vista, SP - Brazil
[3] Fed Univ Sao Paulo UNIPESP S, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[4] Natl Inst Space Res INPE, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

The present paper aims to study the cumulative collision probability of a target that crosses a cloud of particles that has the orbital parameters of each individual element modified by a close approach with the Earth. Clouds of this type are formed when natural or man-made bodies explode for some reason. After an explosion like that, the individual particles have different trajectories. The clouds are specified by a non-uniform distribution of semi-major axis and eccentricity of their particles which are assumed to pass close to the Earth, making a close approach that modifies the trajectory of every single particle that belongs to the cloud. This study makes simulations considering separately two different clouds based on the patched conics model to obtain the new trajectories of each particle and to analyze the density of the whole cloud. Then it is possible to map the new distribution of the orbital elements of the fragments that constituted the cloud, using the distribution as initial conditions. After calculating the spatial density for the whole cloud, it is possible to obtain the cumulative collision probability for one space vehicle that crosses the cloud. These pieces of information are important when planning satellite missions where a spacecraft passes close to a cloud of this type, because we can determine values to study the risks of collision and the possible maneuvers that need to be made to avoid them. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/15675-1 - Mapping and control of space debris: consequences to the environment and the space program
Grantee:Jorge Kennety Silva Formiga
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/04643-4 - Dynamics and control of space systems by tether
Grantee:Denilson Paulo Souza dos Santos
Support type: Regular Research Grants