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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Systemic and oral conditions of pregnant women with excessive weight assisted in a private health system

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Author(s):
Fusco, Nathalia dos Santos [1] ; Foratori-Junior, Gerson Aparecido [1] ; Trenhago Missio, Alana Luiza [1] ; Jesuino, Bruno Gualtieri [1] ; de Carvalho Sales-Peres, Silvia Helena [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Bauru Sch Dent, Dept Pediat Dent Orthodont & Publ Hlth, Al Octavio Pinheiro Brisolla 9-75, Bauru, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: INTERNATIONAL DENTAL JOURNAL; v. 69, n. 6, p. 472-479, DEC 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Objective This observational cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate systemic and oral conditions in pregnant women with excessive pre-pregnancy weight (PEW) and normal pre-pregnancy weight (PNW) who underwent follow-up in the private healthcare system during the third trimester of pregnancy. Methods Fifty pregnant women were evaluated from August 2017 to February 2018 and divided into two groups: women with PEW (n = 25); and those with PNW (n = 25). Their weight and body mass index (BMI), periodontal disease status, stimulated salivary flow, and systemic condition were evaluated. Statistical analyses were conducted using t-test, Mann-Whitney test, chi-square test and binary logistic regression (P < 0.05). Results The groups did not differ in age, educational level or monthly household income (P > 0.05). The PEW group had a higher frequency of arterial hypertension (P = 0.019) and excessive weight gain during gestation (P = 0.010), sought dental services less frequently, and had increased severity of periodontitis (P < 0.0001). Both groups presented low salivary flow, with no intergroup difference. In the final binary logistic regression models, high maternal pre-pregnancy BMI was a significant predictor of arterial hypertension and periodontitis during the third trimester of gestation; maternal excessive weight gain was also a significant predictor of periodontitis during pregnancy. Conclusion Women with PEW who underwent follow-up in a private healthcare system had a higher prevalence of arterial hypertension and worse periodontal status during the third trimester of pregnancy as compared to women with normal weight. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/25421-4 - Oral condition, nutrition and quality of life: analyse in obese and non-obese patients before and after the labor
Grantee:Gerson Aparecido Foratori Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master