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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Frequency of anti-Leptospira spp. antibodies in dogs and wild small mammals from rural properties and conservation units in southern Brazil

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Author(s):
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Porto de Abreu, Juliana Aizawa [1] ; Krawczak, Felipe da Silva [2, 3] ; Guedes, Israel Barbosa [1] ; de Souza-Filho, Antonio Francisco [1] ; de Souza, Gisele Oliveira [1] ; Binder, Lina de Campos [2] ; de Oliveira, Caroline Sobotyk [4] ; Sponchiado, Jonas [5] ; Melo, Geruza Leal [6] ; Labruna, Marcelo Bahia [2] ; Heinemann, Marcos Bryan [1]
Total Authors: 11
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Vet & Zootecnia, Dept Med Vet Prevent & Saude Anim, Lab Zoonoses Bacterianas, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Vet & Zootecnia, Dept Med Vet Prevent & Saude Anim, Lab Doencas Parasitarias, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Goias, Escola Vet & Zootecnia, Dept Med Vet, Setor Med Vet Prevent, Goiania, Go - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Santa Maria, Ctr Ciencias Rurais, Dept Med Vet Prevent, Santa Maria, RS - Brazil
[5] Inst Fed Educ Ciencia & Tecnol Farroupilha, Campus Alegrete - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Santa Maria, Dept Ecol & Evolucao, Programa Posgrad Biodiversidade Anim, Santa Maria, RS - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: ONE HEALTH; v. 8, DEC 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Leptospirosis is a disease of worldwide distribution that affects man and several animal species. Domestic and wild animals can behave as reservoirs of the agent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of anti-Leptospira spp. antibodies in dogs and wild small mammals from rural properties and conservation units of three municipalities of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Sera were collected from 192 domestic dogs and 132 small mammals, namely rodents of the Cricetidae and Caviidae families and marsupials of the Didelphidae family. The study used Microscopic Agglutination Test (MAT) against 23 serovars of Leptospira spp. Overall, 9.90% (19/192) dogs, and 1.51% (2/132) small mammals were seropositive. Leptospira interrogans serovar Australis was the most frequent serovar in dogs and antibodies against L. interrogans serovar Pomona were detected in a dog and a small mammal belonging to the same municipality. We conclude that in the regions studied the frequency of seropositivity in dogs is low, and leptospires do not seem to be circulating in small mammals, yet, further research is necessary to assess the real role that these animals may have for leptospirosis in the studied areas. This is the first serological survey in small mammals, including wild rodents, in the area that encompasses conservation units of great importance to Rio Grande do Sul state. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/21915-4 - Survey for rickettsial infection of the spotted fever group in dogs, small mammals and ticks in endemic and non-endemic areas of the Pampa and Atlantic forest biomes in the state of Rio Grande do Sul.
Grantee:Felipe da Silva Krawczak
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate