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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Exotic eucalypts: From demonized trees to allies of tropical forest restoration?

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Brancalion, Pedro H. S. [1] ; Amazonas, Nino T. [1] ; Chazdon, Robin L. [2, 3] ; van Melis, Juliano [1] ; Rodrigues, Ricardo R. [4] ; Silva, Carina C. [1] ; Sorrini, Taisi B. [1] ; Holl, Karen D. [5]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Forest Sci, Piracicaba - Brazil
[2] Univ Connecticut, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Storrs, CT - USA
[3] Int Inst Sustainabil, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Biol Sci, Piracicaba - Brazil
[5] Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Dept Environm Studies, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 - USA
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

International forest landscape restoration commitments have promoted the restoration of millions of hectares of degraded and deforested lands globally, but few forest restoration approaches provide both ecologically-sound and financially-viable solutions for achieving the spatial scale proposed. One potential revenue source for restoration is selective harvesting of timber, a product for which there is a clear global market and increasing demand. The use of commercially valuable exotic trees may attract farmers to restoration, but can be a major concern for ecologists. Here, we present results collected over 7 years from experimental studies at three sites across the Brazilian Atlantic Forest to assess the impacts of incorporating exotic eucalypts as a transitional stage in tropical forest restoration on above-ground biomass accumulation, native woody species regeneration and financial viability. Biomass accumulation was nine times greater in mixed eucalypt-native species plantations than native only plantings due to fast eucalypt growth. Nonetheless, the growth of native non-pioneer trees was not affected or only slightly reduced by eucalypts prior to logging. Eucalypts did not negatively affect the natural regeneration of native woody species before or after eucalypt logging. Canopy cover regrew quickly but was slightly lower a year following logging in mixed eucalypt-native species plantations. Natural regeneration richness and planted non-pioneer growth were similar across treatments in the post-logging period. We found higher variation of biomass accumulation and native species regeneration among sites than between plantation types within sites. The income from eucalypt wood production offset 44%-75% of restoration implementation costs. Synthesis and applications. Many of the negative effects attributed to eucalypts on the growth and natural regeneration of native trees depend on features of the production system, landscape structure, soil, and climate in which they are grown, rather than the effects of eucalypts per se. In Brazil's Atlantic Forest region, exotic eucalypts can become important allies of tropical forest restoration, and their use and investment opportunities should be considered within the portfolio of options supported by public and private funding and policies. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/18416-2 - Understanding restored forests for benefiting people and nature - NewFor
Grantee:Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/50718-5 - Ecological restoration of riparian forests, native forest of economic production and of degraded forest fragments (in APP and RL) based on restoration ecology of reference ecosystems in order to scientifically test the precepts of the New Brazilian Forest Code
Grantee:Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/02070-9 - Challenges and opportunities of the use of eucalyptus as a commercial pioneer species in forest restoration
Grantee:Nino Tavares Amazonas
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/07498-2 - Using mixed-species plantations to restore native tropical forests: from a process based understanding of growth dynamics to the development of tools for their application and implementation
Grantee:Nino Tavares Amazonas
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate