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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Self-Organizing Maps for Evaluation of Biogeochemical Processes and Temporal Variations in Water Quality of Subtropical Reservoirs

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Melo, Darllene S. [1, 2] ; Gontijo, Erik S. J. [1, 2] ; Frascareli, Daniele [1, 2] ; Simonetti, Vanessa C. [2] ; Machado, Leila S. [2] ; Barth, Johannes A. C. [3] ; Moschini-Carlos, Viviane [2] ; Pompeo, Marcelo L. [4] ; Rosa, Andre H. [2] ; Friese, Kurt [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] UFZ Helmholtz Ctr Environm Res, Dept Lake Res, Magdeburg - Germany
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, Inst Sci & Technol, UNESP, Sorocaba - Brazil
[3] Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg FAU, GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Dept Geog & Geosci, Erlangen - Germany
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Ecol, Inst Biosci, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH; v. 55, n. 12 DEC 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Water quality in reservoirs is often compromised in many regions worldwide by nutrients and trace metals. This demands continuous monitoring; however, analyses of large data sets collected during regular monitoring remain a difficult task. Multivariate techniques offer a fast and robust approach for interpreting complex results. The objective of this study was to check the efficacy of self-organizing maps (SOMs) as a tool to investigate biogeochemical processes. This tool can also help to illustrate influences of land use patterns on the water quality of reservoirs. Here we use the Itupararanga Reservoir in Brazil as a subtropical example. Vertical profiles were sampled from seven sites in the reservoir in a total of seven campaigns over 24 months. Next to physicochemical parameters in the water column (dissolved oxygen, Eh, pH, and temperature), levels of nutrients (NO3-, NH4+, and PO43-), transition and trace metals (Al, Ba, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, and Zn), and chlorophyll-a (Chla) were measured. These variables were correlated with land use using SOM. With this technique samples were classified into 17 distinct groups that showed distinct influences of spatial heterogeneity and seasonality. The analyses helped to reveal a seasonal stratification period, where Fe, Mn, and P were released from sediments. Nutrients and some metal inputs (Al and Fe) were related to agricultural, urban, and grass/pasture areas around the reservoir. Our approach also helped to explain physical and biogeochemical seasonality in the reservoir. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/15397-1 - Organic Carbon cycling in Water Reservoirs of Brazil and Germany: influence of land use and hydrology- ORCWAR
Grantee:Daniele Frascareli
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/20326-1 - Dissolution and toxicity of silver nanoparticles in the presence of aquatic humic substances and extracellular polymeric substances
Grantee:André Henrique Rosa
Support type: Regular Research Grants