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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Role of testosterone and androgen receptor in periodontal disease progression in female rats

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Author(s):
Steffens, Joao Paulo [1] ; Valenga, Henrique Meister [1] ; Leal Santana, Luis Carlos [2] ; da Costa Albaricci, Maria Carolina [2] ; Kantarci, Alpdogan [3] ; Spolidorio, Luis Carlos [2]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Parana UFPR, Dept Stomatol, Curitiba, PR - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Sch Dent Araraquara, Dept Physiol & Pathol, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[3] Forsyth Inst, Dept Appl Oral Sci, Cambridge, MA - USA
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Periodontology; AUG 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Background Sex hormone therapy has strict recommendations in the treatment of postmenopausal symptoms, in which testosterone (TES) replacement may play a potential role. However, it remains unclear whether TES affects the course of chronic inflammation and alveolar bone loss in females. Herein, we investigated the role of androgen receptor and TES on the inflammatory response and alveolar bone resorption associated with ligature-induced periodontal disease in female rats. Methods Fifty female Holtzman rats were divided in five groups (n = 10/group): androgen receptor antagonist (flutamide); estrogen receptor antagonist (fulvestrant); TES supplementation; aromatase inhibitor (anastrozole); and TES plus anastrozole. Periodontitis was induced by ligatures around the lower first molars for 2 weeks. Twenty animals (n = 10/group) were used as untreated ligated or non-ligated controls. Bone loss and the number of osteoclasts were measured through radiographic and immunohistochemical analysis, respectively. Inflammatory cytokines, chemokines and bone markers were measured by multiplex immunoassay and ELISA in serum samples and periodontal tissues. Results The blockage of androgen receptor significantly increased radiographic bone loss and tissue levels of IL-1 alpha (P <0.05), IL-1 beta (P <0.001) and IL-10 (P <0.01) compared with the periodontitis group. Testosterone supplementation significantly increased EGF levels in tissue samples, whereas when combined with aromatase inhibitor anastrozole significantly increased both EGF and VEGF (P <0.05). None of the treatment conditions significantly impacted the number of osteoclasts compared with the periodontitis group. Conclusions Androgen receptor activation is an important factor in the regulation of several inflammatory markers, and its blockage significantly increases bone loss. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/07833-8 - Participation of androgens on the regulation of immune-inflammatory responses and bone metabolism associated with periodontal health, disease and repair in females
Grantee:João Paulo Steffens
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/23116-4 - Impact of androgens on the inflammatory response, osteoclastogenesis and expression of sex hormones receptors on periodontal tissues of female rats under conditions of periodontal health, disease and repair
Grantee:Maria Carolina da Costa Albaricci
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 13/12014-6 - Participation of androgens on the regulation of immune-inflammatory responses and bone metabolism associated with periodontal health, disease and repair in females
Grantee:Luis Carlos Spolidorio
Support type: Regular Research Grants