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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Heat-killed Lactobacillus reuteri and cell-free culture supernatant have similar effects to viable probiotics during interaction with Porphyromonas gingivalis

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Author(s):
Geraldo, Barbara M. C. [1] ; Batalha, Marianna N. [1] ; Milhan, Noala V. M. [1] ; Rossoni, Rodnei D. [1] ; Scorzoni, Liliana [1] ; Anbinder, Ana Lia [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Inst Sci & Technol Sao Jose dos Campos, Dept Biosci & Oral Diag, Av Engenheiro Francisco Jose Longo 777, BR-12245000 Sao Jose Dos Campos, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF PERIODONTAL RESEARCH; NOV 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Background and objectiveIn the last decade, numerous studies have been published to clarify the role of probiotics, especially Lactobacillus reuteri, as an adjunct to conventional periodontal treatment. Although the health benefits of probiotics are numerous, they are live bacteria, and the administration of live organisms is not risk-free. We evaluated the antimicrobial effect of L reuteri and its cell-free culture supernatant on Porphyromonas gingivalis, a keystone periodontal pathogen, in vitro. We also evaluated the influence of this probiotic in its live, heat-killed (HKL, paraprobiotic) form and its supernatant on the Galleria mellonella invertebrate model after infection by P gingivalis. MethodsThe interaction assay was conducted with P gingivalis and L reuteri preparations (live cells and supernatant preparation). For this, P gingivalis and L reuteri preparations were added to tubes containing Brain Heart Infusion broth and incubated for 3 days. The suspensions were then seeded onto appropriate culture media for the calculation of colony-forming units per mL (CFU/mL). An in vivo assay with the G mellonella model was also performed. Live L reuteri, HKL, or supernatant was inoculated 2 hours prior to infection with P gingivalis. Survival was evaluated over 7 days, and the number of hemocytes in the hemolymph was estimated 3 hours after P gingivalis infection. Data were then subjected to statistical testing (alpha = 5%). ResultsBoth live L reuteri and its supernatant had antimicrobial activity against P gingivalis (CFU reduction up to 86%, P < .05). Moreover, treatment with live and HKL had similar effects on G mellonella survival (increased survival up to 46%, P < .05). However, only live L reuteri was able to significantly increase the hemocyte density in this invertebrate model. ConclusionLactobacillus reuteri antimicrobial activity against P gingivalis and its effects on G mellonella survival after infection with a periodontopathogen do not depend on cell viability. This allows the development of products without live bacterium while maintaining similar effects. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/06946-1 - EFFECTS OF VIABLE, NON-VIABLE Lactobacillus reuteri AND SUPERNATANT ON PERIODONTAL DISEASE: AN in vitro AND in vivo STUDY
Grantee:Ana Lia Anbinder
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/13561-6 - Influence of Lactobacillus reuteri on Porphyromonas gingivalis infection in an invertebrate model
Grantee:Marianna Nanni Batalha
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 17/19219-3 - Identification of bioactive substances produced by Lactobacillus paracasei 28.4 for the control of oral candidiasis
Grantee:Rodnei Dennis Rossoni
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate