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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Systemic serotonin inhibits brown adipose tissue sympathetic nerve activity via a GABA input to the dorsomedial hypothalamus, not via 5HT(1A) receptor activation in raphe pallidus

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Mota, Clarissa M. D. [1, 2] ; Branco, Luiz G. S. [1, 3] ; Morrison, Shaun F. [2] ; Madden, Christopher J. [2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Physiol, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Oregon Hlth & Sci Univ, Dept Neurol Surg, Portland, OR 97201 - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Dent Ribeirao Preto, Dept Morphol Physiol & Basic Pathol, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Aim Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT), an important neurotransmitter and hormone, modulates many physiological functions including body temperature. We investigated neural mechanisms involved in the inhibition of brown adipose tissue (BAT) sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) and BAT thermogenesis evoked by 5-HT. Methods Electrophysiological recordings, intravenous (iv) injections and nanoinjections in the brains of anaesthetized rats. Results Cooling-evoked increases in BAT SNA were inhibited by the intra-rostral raphe pallidus (rRPa) and the iv administration of the 5-HT1A receptor agonist, 8-OH-DPAT or 5-HT. The intra-rRPa 5-HT, the intra-rRPa and the iv 8-OH-DPAT, but not the iv 5-HT-induced inhibition of BAT SNA were prevented by nanoinjection of a 5-HT1A receptor antagonist in the rRPa. The increase in BAT SNA evoked by nanoinjection of NMDA in the rRPa was not inhibited by iv 5-HT, indicating that iv 5-HT does not inhibit BAT SNA by acting in the rRPa or in the sympathetic pathway distal to the rRPa. In contrast, under a warm condition, blockade of 5HT(1A) receptors in the rRPa increased BAT SNA and BAT thermogenesis, suggesting that endogenous 5-HT in the rRPa contributes to the suppression of BAT SNA and BAT thermogenesis. The increases in BAT SNA and BAT thermogenesis evoked by nanoinjection of NMDA in the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) were inhibited by iv 5-HT, but those following bicuculline nanoinjection in the DMH were not inhibited. Conclusions The systemic 5-HT-induced inhibition of BAT SNA requires a GABAergic inhibition of BAT sympathoexcitatory neurones in the DMH. In addition, during warming, 5-HT released endogenously in rRPa inhibits BAT SNA. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/24232-9 - Spinal 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptors and activation of brown adipose tissue during systemic inflammation
Grantee:Clarissa Maria Dias Mota
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate