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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

X-ray microcomputed tomography applied to the taxonomic study of rare material: redescriptions of seven of Schirch's Brazilian species of land planarians (Geoplanidae, Platyhelminthes)

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Silva, Marcos Santos [1, 2] ; Carbayo, Fernando [1, 3, 2]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Artes Ciencias & Humanidades, Av Arlindo Bettio 1000, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Museu Zool, Programa Posgrad Sistemat Taxon Anim & Biodiversi, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Programa Posgrad Zool, Rua Matao, Travessa 14, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: ZOOKEYS; n. 910, p. 1-42, FEB 10 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

In 2016, the type-material of ten of the 15 Brazilian land planarians (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida, Geoplanidae) described by Schirch (1929) was discovered deposited in the Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro (MNRJ). Schirch only described the external morphology of these species, all originally placed in the genus Geoplana. By the 1930s and 1950s Geoplana itatiayana, G. plana, and G. rezendei underwent taxonomic revision based on the study of non-type specimens. The remaining 12 species also underwent a taxonomic revision but only based on the literature. Current names of these species are Geoplana goettei, Pseudogeoplana arpi, Ps. blaseri, Ps. bonita, Ps. bresslaui, Ps. cardosi, Ps. doederleini, Ps. lumbricoides, Ps. obscura, Ps. riedeli, Ps. theresopolitana, and Ps. wetzeli. The species Geoplana maximiliani sensu Schirch (1929) was renamed as Ps. schirchi Ogren \& Kawakatsu, 1990. The present study reports a taxonomic revision of seven of Schirch's species using type material, namely Obama itatiayana, Pasipha plana, Pseudogeoplana arpi, Ps. bresslaui, Ps. doederleini, Ps. schirchi and Ps. wetzeli. Additional specimens of some of these species were also examined. Morphological data from histological preparations and from virtual sections were obtained through a non-destructive technique of X-ray computed microtomography (mu CT). This approach resulted in the preservation of the entire body of at least one type-specimen of each species, and the holotype of Ps. bresslaui. Conspecificity of O. itatiayana and P. plana was confirmed, as previously reported in the literature. It is also proposed that Ps. bresslaui belongs to the genus Paraba, while the other species should remain in Pseudogeoplana, since type-specimens are either immature, poorly preserved or simply lost. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/18295-5 - Diversity and areas of endemism of land planarians in the Southern Atlantic forest and their causal factors
Grantee:Fernando Jesús Carbayo Baz
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/05760-4 - X-ray computed tomography applied to the taxonomic study of rare material: redescription of six Brazilian terrestrial flatworm species
Grantee:Marcos Santos Silva
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master