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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Precipitation and predation risk alter the diversity and behavior of pollinators and reduce plant fitness

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Author(s):
Antiqueira, Pablo A. P. [1] ; de Omena, Paula M. [2] ; Goncalves-Souza, Thiago [3] ; Vieira, Camila [1, 4] ; Migliorini, Gustavo H. [5, 1] ; Kersch-Becker, Monica F. [6] ; Bernabe, Tiago N. [5, 1] ; Recalde, Fatima C. [7, 1] ; Benavides-Gordillo, Sandra [7, 1] ; Romero, Gustavo Q. [1]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Biol Anim, Lab Interacoes Multitrof & Biodiversidade, CP 6109, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Para, Inst Biol Sci, Belem, Para - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Rural Pernambuco UFRPE, Dept Biol, Lab Sintese Ecol & Conservacao Biodiversidade, Recife, PE - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Uberlandia, Dept Ecol, Programa Pos, Programa Posgrad Ecol & Conservacao Recursos Nat, Uberlandia, MG - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Paulista, Programa Posgrad Biol Anim, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Alabama, Dept Biol Sci, Tuscaloosa, AL - USA
[7] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Programa Posgrad Ecol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: Oecologia; v. 192, n. 3 FEB 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Biotic and abiotic factors may individually or interactively disrupt plant-pollinator interactions, influencing plant fitness. Although variations in temperature and precipitation are expected to modify the overall impact of predators on plant-pollinator interactions, few empirical studies have assessed if these weather conditions influence anti-predator behaviors and how this context-dependent response may cascade down to plant fitness. To answer this question, we manipulated predation risk (using artificial spiders) in different years to investigate how natural variation in temperature and precipitation may affect diversity (richness and composition) and behavioral (visitation) responses of flower-visiting insects to predation risk, and how these effects influence plant fitness. Our findings indicate that predation risk and an increase in precipitation independently reduced plant fitness (i.e., seed set) by decreasing flower visitation. Predation risk reduced pollinator visitation and richness, and altered species composition of pollinators. Additionally, an increase in precipitation was associated with lower flower visitation and pollinator richness but did not alter pollinator species composition. However, maximum daily temperature did not affect any component of the pollinator assemblage or plant fitness. Our results indicate that biotic and abiotic drivers have different impacts on pollinator behavior and diversity with consequences for plant fitness components. Even small variation in precipitation conditions promotes complex and substantial cascading effects on plants by affecting both pollinator communities and the outcome of plant-pollinator interactions. Tropical communities are expected to be highly susceptible to climatic changes, and these changes may have drastic consequences for biotic interactions in the tropics. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/26243-8 - Extreme rainfall events and their effects on the community structure and ecosystem functioning
Grantee:Pablo Augusto Poleto Antiqueira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate