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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Passion Fruit Green Spot Virus Genome Harbors a New Orphan ORF and Highlights the Flexibility of the 5 `-End of the RNA2 Segment Across Cileviruses

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Ramos-Gonzalez, Pedro Luis [1] ; dos Santos, Gustavo Francisco [1] ; Chabi-Jesus, Camila [1, 2] ; Harakava, Ricardo [1] ; Kitajima, Elliot W. [3] ; Freitas-Astua, Juliana [1, 4]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Inst Biol, Unidade Lab Referencia Biol Mol Aplicada, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, PPG Microbiol Agr, Piracicaba - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Nucleo Apoio Pesquisa Microscopia Eletron Aplicad, Piracicaba - Brazil
[4] Embrapa Cassava & Fruits, Cruz Das Almas - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY; v. 11, FEB 14 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Passion fruit green spot and passion fruit sudden death are two reportedly distinct viral diseases that recurrently affect passion fruit (Passiflora spp.) groves in Brazil. Here we used a systematic approach that interconnects symptoms, transmission electron microscopy, RT-PCR detection assays followed by Sanger sequencing, and high-throughput sequencing of the RNA of affected passion fruit plants to gain insights about these diseases. Our data confirmed not only the involvement of cileviruses in these two pathologies, as previously suggested, but also that these viruses belong to the same tentative species: passion fruit green spot virus (PfGSV). Results revealed that PfGSV has a positive-sense RNA genome split into two molecules of approximately 9 kb (RNA1) and 5 kb (RNA2), which share about 50-70% nucleotide sequence identity with other viruses in the genus Cilevirus. Genome sequences of five PfGSV isolates suggest that they have more conserved RNA1 (<5% of nucleotide sequence variability) compared to RNA2 (up to 7% of variability) molecules. The highest nucleotide sequence divergence among PfGSV isolates and other cileviruses is in the genomic segment covering from the 5 `-end of the RNA2 until the 5 `-end of the open reading frame (ORF) p61, which includes the ORF p15 and the intergenic region. This genomic stretch also harbors a novel orphan ORF encoding a 13 kDa protein presenting a cysteine-rich domain. High variability of 5 `-end of the RNA2 in cileviruses is discussed in an evolutionary context assuming that they share putative common ancestors with unclassified arthropod-infecting single-strand positive RNA viruses, including mosquito-specific viruses of the group Negevirus (clades Nelorpivirus and Sandwavirus), and other viruses in the family Kitaviridae. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/08458-9 - Plant viruses transmitted by Brevipalpus mites (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) - BTV: survey, identification, molecular characterization, phylogeny; virus/vector/host relationhip; biology, taxonomy and management of the mite
Grantee:Elliot Watanabe Kitajima
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/50222-0 - Understanding the molecular biology and ecology of plant-virus-vector relationships: towards sustainable, integrated virus management strategies
Grantee:Juliana de Freitas Astúa
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/50334-3 - Institutional research development plan (PDIp): modernization and adequacy of strategic multi-user units of the Instituto Biológico
Grantee:Ana Eugênia de Carvalho Campos
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - State Research Institutes Modernization Program
FAPESP's process: 16/01960-6 - Molecular characterization, phylogeny and evolución of Brevipalpus-transmitted viruses in Brazil
Grantee:Camila Chabi de Jesus
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate