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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Innate immunity of Florida cane toads: how dispersal has affected physiological responses to LPS

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Gardner, Steven T. [1] ; Assis, Vania R. [2] ; Smith, Kyra M. [1] ; Appel, Arthur G. [3] ; Mendonca, Mary T. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Auburn Univ, Dept Biol Sci, 331 Funchess Hall, 350 South Coll St, Auburn, AL 36849 - USA
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Fisiol, Inst Biociencias, Rua Matao, Trav 14, 101, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Auburn Univ, Dept Entomol & Plant Pathol, 301 Funchess Hall, 350 South Coll St, Auburn, AL 36849 - USA
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 1

Physiological tradeoffs occur in organisms coping with their environments, which are likely to increase as populations reach peripheries of established ranges. Invasive species offer opportunities to study tradeoffs that occur, with many hypotheses focusing on how immune responses vary during dispersal. The cane toad (Rhinella marina) is a well-known invasive species. Populations near the expanding edge of the Australian invasion have altered immune responses compared to toads from longer-established core populations, although this has not been well-documented for Florida populations. In this study, cane toads from a northern edge {[}New Port Richey (NPR)] and southern core (Miami) population in Florida were collected and injected with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to compare immune responses. Core population individuals injected with LPS showed greater metabolic increases compared to their baseline rates that were higher compared to those from the edge population. In addition, LPS-injected core individuals had different circulating leukocyte profiles compared to saline-injected cane toads while edge individuals did not. There was a significant interaction between plasma bacteria-killing capability (BKA) and treatment, such that BKA decreased with time in saline compared to LPS-injected individuals, and saline-injected toads from the edge population had lower BKA compared to LPS-injected edge toads at 20 h post-injection. There was also a significant interaction between location and time on circulating corticosterone (CORT) levels following injections with saline or LPS, with CORT decreasing more with time in core population toads. The differential CORT response indicates that differential stress responses contribute to the tradeoffs observed with immunity and dispersal. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/04802-5 - Long-term corticosterone treatment effects on stress and immune response in cane toads (Rhinella marina)
Grantee:Vania Regina de Assis
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor