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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Modelling movement and stage-specific habitat preferences of a polyphagous insect pest

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Garcia, Adriano G. [1] ; Godoy, Wesley A. C. [2] ; Consoli, Fernando L. [2] ; Ferreira, Claudia P. [3]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Rutgers State Univ, Dept Ecol Evolut & Nat Resources, New Brunswick, NJ 08901 - USA
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Dept Entomol & Acarol, BR-13418900 Piracicaba - Brazil
[3] UNESP, IBB, BR-18618000 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: MOVEMENT ECOLOGY; v. 8, n. 1 MAR 2 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Background The feeding preferences of Diabrotica speciosa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) cause a parent-offspring conflict, as providing the best host for the offspring development is detrimental to adult survival and fecundity. Understanding the implications of this conflict could help entomologists to implement pest-management programs. With this in mind, the foraging behaviour of D. speciosa was investigated using an individual-based model in two distinct scenarios. Methods In an intercropping scenario, parent-offspring conflict was simulated when adult insects exploit two crops (corn and soybean) that provide different nutritional advantages for each insect stage. First, we compared three hypothetical types of adult dispersal, considering a continuous oviposition over time: diffusion, attracted to a fixed host and alternating the preference between hosts with frequency 1 tau, where tau is the time in days spent foraging for each host. We also simulated two principles: ``mother knows best{''} (adult females foraging for corn during the oviposition period) and ``optimal bad motherhood{''} (adult females remain foraging for soybean to maximise their own fitness during the oviposition period), but considering the existence of a pre-oviposition period. In a landscape scenario, we investigated the population dynamics in an area composed by 4 crop plots that change over time. Results Among dispersal types considering continuous oviposition, the crop-alternating movement a-3 performed best, when close to an optimal tau. Additionally, tau was predicted to be influenced mainly by the width of crop rows. We also verified that the ``mother knows best{''} strategy is better for the population growth than the ``optimal bad motherhood{''}. In the landscape scenario, we observed that including fallow periods in the crop calendar and adopting a more-heterogeneous arrangement of crop plots reduced the density of this insect. Conclusion Both the continuous and sequential oviposition simulations indicate that foraging involving switching of target crop benefits population fitness. In the landscape scenario, arranging crop plots more heterogeneously and avoiding vast areas of soybean can help farmers to control this insect pest. Additionally, fallow periods can also reduce significantly D. speciosa populations. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/16609-7 - A multi - and interdisciplinary approach to understand spatio-temporal patterns of insect pests and design landscapes for sustainable pest management in tropical agricultural systems
Grantee:Wesley Augusto Conde Godoy
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/24140-6 - Mathematical models on insect control
Grantee:Cláudia Pio Ferreira
Support type: Regular Research Grants