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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Impacts of hydrodynamics and pollutants on foraminiferal fauna distribution in the Santos Estuary (SE Brazil)

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Damasio, Bruno Vanderlinde [1] ; Timoszczuk, Cristian Taboada [1] ; Mi Kim, Bianca Sung [1] ; de Mello e Sousa, Silvia Helena [1] ; Bicego, Marcia Caruso [1] ; Siegle, Eduardo [1] ; Lopes Figueira, Rubens Cesar [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, Praca Oceanog 191, Cidade Univ, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 2

Superficial sediment samples of the Santos Estuary (SE Brazil) were analyzed for benthic foraminifera (dead fauna), aliphatic hydrocarbons (AHs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), total organic carbon, total nitrogen, and trace metals. The foraminiferal fauna results were related to estuarine hydrodynamics and pollution parameters. The residual circulation of the estuary drives the transport of particles into the Santos channel. Thereby, tidal currents promote an advective transport of the species, including Pararotalia cananeiaensis, Discorbis sp. and Pseudononion japonicum from the Santos Bay to the upper estuary. Additionally, the dredging of the Santos channel leads to the suspension of sediments, favoring the post mortem transport. Enrichment factor and pollution load index for trace metals evidenced a contamination (mainly by Zn) in the Piacaguera River, and AHs and PAHs analyses revealed a widespread presence of petroleum-related residues and petroleum combustion products in the region of the upper estuary, with values of unresolved complex mixtures ranging from 95.2 to 402.3 mu g g(-1) and total PAHs concentrations from 1176 to 32,153.3 ng g(-1). Although, the data obtained are from dead fauna, the impact of anthropogenic activities is also pointed by the benthic foraminifera, revealing that the pollutants impact are acting for some years in the upper estuary. The ecological indices show lowest values of richness and density, and low values of diversity for benthic foraminifera mainly in the upper estuary. Moreover, high values of dominance were observed due to the high abundance of the opportunistic species Ammonia sp1. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/10232-0 - Environmental evaluation in channels of the Santos and Sao Vicente estuary: approach with benthic foraminifera and heavy metals
Grantee:Bruno Vanderlinde Damasio
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 11/50581-4 - Susceptibility and resilience of urban estuarine systems to global changes: hydro-sedimentologic budget; sea-level rise; response to extreme events
Grantee:Rubens Cesar Lopes Figueira
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/01211-0 - Historical of anthropic activity in Bertioga Channel, Sao Paulo, Brazil: levels of metals, semi-metals and recent sedimentation in sedimentary columns
Grantee:Rubens Cesar Lopes Figueira
Support type: Regular Research Grants