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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Association between excessive maternal weight, periodontitis during the third trimester of pregnancy, and infants' health at birth

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Author(s):
Foratori-Junior, Gerson Aparecido [1] ; Jesuino, Bruno Gualtieri [1] ; Carach, Rafaela Aparecida [1] ; Orenha, Eliel Soares [1] ; Groppo, Francisco Carlos [2] ; de Carvalho Sales-Peres, Silvia Helena [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Odontol Bauru, Dept Odontopediat Ortodontia & Saude Colet, Alameda Octavio Pinheiro Brisolla 9-75, Bauru, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Odontol Piracicaba, Dept Ciencias Fisiol, Area Farmacol, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science; v. 28, 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Excessive weight is associated with periodontitis because of inflammatory mediators secreted by the adipose tissue. Periodontal impairments can occur during pregnancy due to association between high hormonal levels and inadequate oral hygiene. Moreover, periodontitis and excessive weight during pregnancy can negatively affect an infant's weight at birth. Objective: This observational, cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association between pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity, periodontitis during the third trimester of pregnancy, and the infants' birth weight. Methodology: The sample set was divided into 2 groups according to the preconception body mass index: obesity/overweight (G1=50) and normal weight (G2=50). Educational level, monthly household income, and systemic impairments during pregnancy were assessed. Pocket probing depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were obtained to analyze periodontitis. The children's birth weight was classified as low (<2.5 kg), insufficient (2.5-2.999 kg), normal (3-3.999 kg), or excessive ( >= 4 kg). Bivariate analysis (Mann- Whitney U test, t-test, chi-squared test) and logistic regression (stepwise backward likelihood ratio) were performed (p<0.05). Results: G1 showed lower socioeconomic levels and higher prevalence of arterial hypertension and gestational diabetes mellitus during pregnancy than G2 (p=0.002). G1 showed higher means of PPD and CAL (p=0.041 and p=0.039, respectively) and therefore a higher prevalence of periodontitis than G2 (p=0.0003). G1 showed lower infants' birth weight than G2 (p=0.0004). Excessive maternal weight and educational levels were independent variables associated with periodontitis during the third trimester of pregnancy (X-2{[}2]=23.21; p<0.0001). Maternal overweight/obesity was also associated with low/ insufficient birth weight (X-2{[}1]=7.01; p=0.008). Conclusion: The present findings suggest an association between excessive pre-pregnancy weight, maternal periodontitis, and low/insufficient birth weight. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/25421-4 - Oral condition, nutrition and quality of life: analyse in obese and non-obese patients before and after the labor
Grantee:Gerson Aparecido Foratori Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master