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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Temporal variation of ethanol in rainwater from the sugar cane belt of Sao Paulo State (Brazil)

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Giubbina, Fernanda F. [1] ; Scaramboni, Caroline [1] ; De Martinis, Bruno S. [1] ; Godoy-Silva, Daniely [2] ; Mello, Igrayne N. P. D. [2] ; Nogueira, Raquel F. P. [2] ; Campos, M. Lucia A. M. [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Quim, FFCLRP, Av Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Quim, UNESP, Rua Prof Francisco Degni 55, BR-14800060 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Atmospheric Environment; v. 216, NOV 1 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

This work presents the first comprehensive assessment of ethanol dissolved in rainwater of Sao Paulo State's sugar cane belt, considering the period from 2012 to 2017. Ethanol concentrations ranged from 0.25 to 20.9 mu mol L-1, with a volume-weighted mean (VWM) of 4.67 +/- 0.13 mu mol L-1 (n = 410). Despite the increasing use of ethanol fuel in Brazil, during the study period, the ethanol concentration in rainwater showed an average decrease of 0.54 mu mol L-1 per year, attributed to technological improvements in vehicular fuel combustion and catalysts. Anthropogenic emissions appeared to overwhelm possible seasonal fluctuations of ethanol in rainwater due to biogenic sources or meteorological conditions such as temperature, solar radiation, rainfall amount, rainfall rate, and air mass origin. Higher VWM concentrations were generally observed in dry months, when the production of ethanol in the distilleries was highest and biomass burning increased. Consideration of ethanol oxidation in aqueous media by OH radicals indicated that secondary formation of highly toxic aldehydes is likely to increase with greater use of this biofuel. Dissolution of gaseous ethanol during cloud formation appeared to be a more important mechanism of atmospheric removal of this alcohol, compared to below-cloud processes. The wet flux of ethanol was ca. 3 kg ha(-1) year(-1) and there were evidences that atmospheric replenishment of this species was fast. Brazil has used ethanol fuel on a large scale since the 1980s, so better understanding of the behavior of this species in the lower troposphere of the study region can provide valuable information to assist in predicting future worldwide impacts of increasing use of this biofuel. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/16554-9 - Assessing the impact of atmospheric emissions related to the production and use of ethanol in the perspective of the current public policies of biofuels
Grantee:Maria Lúcia Arruda de Moura Campos
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/07534-9 - Aspects of the role of hydrogen peroxide as an oxidant of ethanol in the atmosphere and surface waters
Grantee:Caroline Scaramboni
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 12/00358-0 - Investigation of beta-carbolines alkaloids, tryptamine in ayahuasca in samples of sweat, using the modified solid phase extraction and gas chromatography coupled with nitrogen-phosphorus detector
Grantee:Bruno Spinosa de Martinis
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/13482-3 - Behavior of organic and inorganic species dissolved in the rainwater of Ribeirão Preto: a city in a sugarcane producing region that is rapidly changing
Grantee:Fernanda Furlan Giubbina Bernardi
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate