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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Development of a skin temperature map for dermatomes in individuals with spinal cord injury: a cross-sectional study

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Author(s):
Tancredo, Janaina R. [1] ; Tambascia, Rafael A. [1, 2] ; Borges, Mariane [3] ; Fukuchi, Claudiane A. [1] ; Cliquet Junior, Alberto [1, 4]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Campinas Unicamp, Fac Med Sci, Dept Orthoped & Traumatol, Biomech & Rehabil Lab, Campinas - Brazil
[2] Inst Wilson Mello, Ctr Studies & Res, Sao Carlos - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Phys Educ, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Elect Engn, Biocybernet & Rehabil Engn Lab, Sao Carlos - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: SPINAL CORD; MAY 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Study design Cross-sectional study. Objective The aim of this study was to map the skin temperature (Tsk) of individuals with SCI and compare able-bodied individuals, and among the groups to demonstrate the effects of differences in the levels of injury (paraplegia and tetraplegia with high and low injuries). Setting Outpatient clinic, Brazil. Methods Individuals with tetraplegia (n = 20), paraplegia (n = 21), and able-bodied (n = 11) individuals were recruited. A noncontact infrared thermometer (IRT) was used to measure three times the Tsk at the forehead, and at the C2 to S2 dermatomes. Core body temperature was measured at the axilla using the IRT and three other clinical thermometers. Results Autonomic regulation is impaired by the injury. A Tsk map was constructed for the three groups. Significant differences in the Tsk of dermatomes were observed when comparing individuals with SCI and the able-bodied at the following dermatomes: C3, C7, T2, T3, T8, T9, L1, L2, L4, and S2. When comparing individuals with tetraplegia and able-bodied individuals, the dermatomes that showed significant differences were C5, C6, C8, T1, T10, L3, and S1. Dermatomes C5-C7, and T5 showed significant differences between individuals with tetraplegia and those with paraplegia. For L5 and S1 in paraplegia significant differences were found when comparing high with low injury. Conclusion A Tsk map on dermatomes in individuals with SCI was implemented, and showed a significant difference between able-bodied. As temperature is a parameter for analyzing autonomic function, the study could benefit rehabilitation by providing baseline values when constructing clinical protocols. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/50253-0 - Biomechanical modelling and clinical assessment data gathering with technological innovations towards movement restoration and sports performance for people with disabilities
Grantee:Alberto Cliquet Junior
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants