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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Probing Surface Effects on alpha-NaYF4 Nanoparticles by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

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de Queiroz, Thiago B. [1] ; Cabrera-Baez, Michael [2] ; Menegasso, Paulo [3] ; Martinez, Eduardo D. [4] ; Garcia Flores, Ali F. [3] ; Rettori, Carlos [1] ; Urbano, Ricardo R. [3]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, Santo Andre 09510580, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Dept Fis, Recife 50670901, PE - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Fis Gleb Wataghin, Campinas 13083859, SP - Brazil
[4] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient Tecn CONICET, Comis Nacl Energia Atom CNEA, Ctr Atom Bariloche, San Carlos De Bariloche, Rio Negro - Argentina
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Physical Chemistry C; v. 124, n. 17, p. 9523-9535, APR 30 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The structural properties of insulating alpha-NaYF4 (cubic) nanopartides with size ranging within 4-25 nm were investigated by high-resolution Na-23 and F-19 solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy under magic an spinning (MAS) with single-pulse (SP-MAS), spin-echo (SEMAS), inversion recovery, and 3QMAS experiments. The Na-23 SP-MAS spectra show a broad peak around -18 ppm with a shoulder around -9 ppm, which becomes more prominent for the smallest nanoparticles. The Na-23 nuclei resonating around -9 ppm demonstrate a longitudinal relaxation time of a few milliseconds, while the ones resonating around -18 ppm are on the order of 50-125 ms. This feature is noticed for all studied nanopartides, but it is more evident for the smallest ones (phi less than or similar to 7 nm), especially among the batches with higher polydispersity. On the basis of these relaxation times, field-dependent measurements, and Na-23 3QMAS, we attributed the signal around -18 ppm to Na-23 in the bulk of the nanopartides and the signal around -9 ppm to surface or/and sites near defects, featuring higher fluctuations in the electric field gradient (EFG). The Na-23 3QMAS spectra provide evidence for two (and sometimes three) distinct Na sites in alpha-NaYF4 with similar quadrupole coupling but slightly different chemical shifts. The F-19 SE-MAS spectra show a broad peak around -75 ppm with a small shoulder around -120 ppm corresponding to only 1% of the signal. The peak around -75 ppm is attributed to the stoichiometric NaYF4 composition, and its broadening is attributed to a distribution of Na- and Y-rich environments. The minor shoulder around -120 ppm is associated with the F-deficient NaYF4 structure. The F-19 spin-spin relaxation time indicates some degree of mobility of the fluorine atoms, possibly due to the presence of F vacancies triggering hopping-like ion motion. The signal related to the F-deficient structure is greatly enhanced for the smallest nanoparticles (phi = 4 nm), i.e., along with the increase of 23 Na surface effects and defects. Therefore, we correlate several NMR techniques to provide a fundamental structural view for nanopartides used as upconversion host systems with prominent technological applications. Particularly for alpha-NaYF4, significant surface effects and defects must be expected for nanoparticles with dimensions in the order of few nanometers (phi less than or similar to 7 nm). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/14436-3 - Studies of electronic and magnetic correlation in iron based superconductors and molecular conductors via Nuclear Magnetic Ressonance (NMR) and Quadrupolar (NQR)
Grantee:Paulo Eduardo Menegasso Filho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/05903-6 - Nuclear magnetic resonance of novel complex and advanced materials in condensed matter physics
Grantee:Ricardo Rodrigues Urbano
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/50906-9 - INCT 2014: in Functional Complex Materials
Grantee:Fernando Galembeck
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/04870-7 - Studies of novel complex and advanced materials
Grantee:Pascoal Jose Giglio Pagliuso
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/15780-0 - Study of the physical properties of nanostructured materials and fundamental interactions in bulk systems
Grantee:Michael Cabrera Baez
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/21025-5 - Technical and computational support for synthesis and characterization of metallic and insulator nanoparticles
Grantee:Alí Francisco García Flores
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Technical Training Program - Technical Training
FAPESP's process: 11/19924-2 - Study and development of advanced novel materials: electronic, magnetic and nanostructured: an interdisciplinary approach
Grantee:Carlos Rettori
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants