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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Increased angiotensin II from adipose tissue modulates myocardial collagen I and III in obese rats

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Tomaz da Silva-Bertani, Danielle Cristina [1] ; Vileigas, Danielle Fernandes [1] ; Ferreira Mota, Gustavo Augusto [1] ; Borges de Souza, Sergio Luiz [1] ; Sant'Ana, Paula Grippa [1] ; Freire, Paula Paccielli [2] ; de Tomasi, Loreta Casquel [1] ; Correa, Camila Renata [3] ; Padovani, Carlos Roberto [4] ; Fernandes, Tiago [5] ; de Oliveira, Edilamar Menezes [5] ; Cicogna, Antonio Carlos [1]
Total Authors: 12
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Botucatu Med Sch, Dept Internal Med, BR-18618687 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Biosci, Dept Morphol, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Botucatu Med Sch, Dept Pathol, BR-18618687 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[4] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Biosci, Dept Biostat, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport, Lab Biochem & Mol Biol Exercise, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Life Sciences; v. 252, JUL 1 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

It has been described that the cardiac dysfunction in the obesity model is because of collagen imbalance and that angiotensin II (Ang II) contributes to myocardial fibrosis. However, it remains undefined if changes in collagen I and III metabolism in obesity is due to the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) dysregulation from myocardium or excessive adipose tissue. Aim: This study aimed to verify whether the changes in myocardial collagen metabolism result from RAS deregulation of cardiac or adipose tissue in an obesity model. Main methods: Wistar rats were fed with control (CD) and high-fat (HFD) diets for 30 weeks. After the dietary intervention, animals were assigned to be treated with losartan at the 30 mg/kg/day dosage or kept untreated for an additional five weeks. Key findings: HFD induced obesity, comorbidities, and cardiac collagen overexpression. The HFD group presented an increase in Ang II levels in both adipose tissue and plasma, as well as AT1 receptor expression in cardiac tissue. Of note, the myocardial Ang II was not changed in the HFD group. Losartan administration reduced some obesity-induced comorbidities regardless of weight loss. The AT1 receptor blockade also decreased the release of Ang II from adipose tissue and myocardial AT1 receptor and collagen. Significance: It was seen that excessive adipose tissue is responsible for the exacerbated circulating Ang II, which induced cardiac fibrosis development. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/21024-2 - Influence of obesity by saturated high-fat diet on the myocardial collagen I and III and their association with renin-angiotensin system via angiotensin II type 1 receptor
Grantee:Danielle Cristina Tomaz da Silva
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate