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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects on shoulder pain and disability of teaching patients with shoulder pain a home-based exercise program: a randomized controlled trial

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Author(s):
Santello, Giovanna [1] ; Rossi, Denise Martineli [1] ; Martins, Jaqueline [1] ; Libardoni, Thiele de Cassia [1] ; de Oliveira, Anamaria Siriani [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Hlth Sci, 3900 Bandeirantes Ave, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: CLINICAL REHABILITATION; v. 34, n. 10 JUN 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effect on shoulder pain and disability of teaching patients with shoulder pain how to undertake a home-based exercise program. Design: A randomized controlled trial conducted from September 2015 to January 2016. Setting: Participants' home. Participants: Sixty participants with shoulder pain who were waiting for physiotherapeutic treatment. Interventions: The control group (n = 30) received minimal education about their shoulder condition and instructions to continue their activities as normal. The intervention group (n = 30) received a two-month home exercise program with one-hour sessions delivered by a physiotherapist to begin and one month after the program for exercise instructions. Main measures: The primary outcome was change in the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI). The secondary outcomes included change in the numeric pain rating scale and medication intake for pain relief. Results: The patients' average age was 54.3 (13.8) years. SPADI scores at baseline were 60.9 (16.5) in the intervention and 64.7 (15.3) in the control group. After two months, the SPADI scores decreased to 18.8 (28.6) and to 61.4 (24.0), respectively, in the intervention and control groups with an estimated mean difference of 40.0, effect size: 1.61. The intervention group showed a reduced pain intensity (estimated mean difference: 3.7, effect size: 2.43) and medication intake (chi-square: 0.001). The number needed to treat was 1.2 for one patient to have a SPADI score Conclusion: Teaching patients with shoulder pain how to undertake a home-based exercise program improved shoulder function and reduced pain intensity and medication intake over two months. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/01263-0 - Self-care effect in the medication and function of patients with shoulder pain indicated to physiotherapeutic treatment: randomized clinical trial
Grantee:Giovanna Santello
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation