Preisler, Ana C.
Pereira, Anderson E. S.
Campos, Estefania V. R.
Fraceto, Leonardo F.
Oliveira, Halley C.
Total Authors: 6
 Univ Estadual Londrina, Dept Anim & Plant Biol, PR445 Km 380, BR-86057970 Londrina, Parana - Brazil
 Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Sci & Technol Sorocaba, Dept Environm Engn, Sorocaba - Brazil
 Univ Estadual Londrina, Dept Agron, Londrina, Parana - Brazil
 Dalazen, Giliardi, Univ Estadual Londrina, Dept Agron, Londrina, Parana, Brazil.Preisler, Ana C., Univ Estadual Londrina, Dept Anim & Plant Biol, PR445 Km 380, BR-86057970 Londrina, Parana - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Pest Management Science;
Web of Science Citations:
BACKGROUND: Poly(epsilon-caprolactone) nanocapsules (NC+ ATZ) are an efficient carrier system for atrazine and were developed as an alternative to reduce the harmful environmental effects of this herbicide. Here, we analyzed the pre-emergence herbicidal activity of NC+ ATZ against Bidens pilosa and evaluated its residual effect on soybean plants after different periods of soil treatment with the formulations. RESULTS: In contrast to non-nanoatrazine, NC+ ATZ treatment led to very high mortality rates of B. pilosa seedlings even after a tenfold dilution, which suggests that atrazine nanoencapsulation improved its pre-emergence herbicidal activity. In a short-term assay (17 days), soil treatment with all atrazine-containing formulations resulted in intense toxicity to soybean plants. NC+ ATZ at 200 g ha(-1) had the same inhibitory effects on the physiological and growth parameters of soybean plants compared with non-nanoatrazine at 2000 g ha(-1), which suggests that atrazine nanoencapsulation increased the short-term residual effect of the herbicide. In a long-term assay (60 days), a gradual recovery of soybean plants from atrazine phytotoxicity was observed. When comparing the effects of nano- and non-nanoatrazine at the same concentrations, the growth and physiological parameters of soybean plants were mainly affected to the same extent. This indicates that encapsulation of atrazine into poly(epsilon-caprolactone) nanocapsules did not enhance the long-term residual effect of the herbicide on soybean. CONCLUSION: NC+ ATZ could be applied for efficient weed control without additional phytotoxicity to susceptible crops compared with non-nanoatrazine, provided that a safe interval is respected from atrazine application to sowing. (c) 2019 Society of Chemical Industry (AU)