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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Surface Protein Dispersin of EnteroaggregativeEscherichia coliBinds Plasminogen That Is Converted Into Active Plasmin

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Author(s):
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Moraes, Claudia T. P. [1] ; Longo, Jonathan [1] ; Silva, Ludmila B. [1, 2] ; Pimenta, Daniel C. [3] ; Carvalho, Eneas [1] ; Morone, Mariana S. L. C. [4] ; da Ros, Nancy [4] ; Serrano, Solange M. T. [4] ; Santos, Ana Carolina M. [5] ; Piazza, Roxane M. F. [1] ; Barbosa, Angela S. [1] ; Elias, Waldir P. [1]
Total Authors: 12
Affiliation:
[1] Butantan Inst, Lab Bacteriol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Maranhao, Grad Program Hlth Sci, Sao Luis, Maranhao - Brazil
[3] Butantan Inst, Lab Biochem & Biophys, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Butantan Inst, Ctr Toxins Immune Response & Cell Signaling CeTIC, Lab Appl Toxinol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Microbiol Immunol & Parasitol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY; v. 11, JUN 18 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Dispersin is a 10.2 kDa-immunogenic protein secreted by enteroaggregativeEscherichia coli(EAEC). In the prototypical EAEC strain 042, dispersin is non-covalently bound to the outer membrane, assisting dispersion across the intestinal mucosa by overcoming electrostatic attraction between the AAF/II fimbriae and the bacterial surface. Also, dispersin facilitates penetration of the intestinal mucus layer. Initially characterized in EAEC, dispersin has been detected in otherE. colipathotypes, including those isolated from extraintestinal sites. In this study we investigated the binding capacity of purified dispersin to extracellular matrix (ECM), since dispersin is exposed on the bacterial surface and is involved in intestinal colonization. Binding to plasminogen was also investigated due to the presence of conserved carboxy-terminal lysine residues in dispersin sequences, which are involved in plasminogen binding in several bacterial proteins. Moreover, someE. colicomponents can interact with this host protease, as well as with tissue plasminogen activator, leading to plasmin production. Recombinant dispersin was produced and used in binding assays with ECM molecules and coagulation cascade compounds. Purified dispersin bound specifically to laminin and plasminogen. Interaction with plasminogen occurred in a dose-dependent and saturable manner. In the presence of plasminogen activator, bound plasminogen was converted into plasmin, its active form, leading to fibrinogen and vitronectin cleavage. A collection ofE. colistrains isolated from human bacteremia was screened for the presence ofaap, the dispersin-encoding gene. Eightaap-positive strains were detected and dispersin production could be observed in four of them. Our data describe new attributes for dispersin and points out to possible roles in mechanisms of tissue adhesion and dissemination, considering the binding capacity to laminin, and the generation of dispersin-bound plasmin(ogen), which may facilitateE. colispread from the colonization site to other tissues and organs. The cleavage of fibrinogen in the bloodstream, may also contribute to the pathogenesis of sepsis caused by dispersin-producingE. coli. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/06610-9 - Pathogenicity of Escherichia coli strains that share characteristics of enteroaggregative and uropathogenic categories
Grantee:Waldir Pereira Elias Junior
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/18583-0 - Analysis of interaction between dispersin and plasminogen in the enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) pathogenesis
Grantee:Jonathan Longo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 13/17419-4 - Identification of Leptospira proteases involved in the degradation of extracellular matrix proteins
Grantee:Ludmila Bezerra da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate