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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Ecological outcomes of agroforests and restoration 15 years after planting

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Badari, Carolina Giudice [1] ; Bernardini, Luis Eduardo [1] ; de Almeida, Danilo R. A. [1] ; Brancalion, Pedro H. S. [1] ; Cesar, Ricardo G. [2] ; Gutierrez, Victoria [2] ; Chazdon, Robin L. [3, 4] ; Gomes, Haroldo B. [5] ; Viani, Ricardo A. G. [6]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Forestry Sci, ESALQ, Av Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] WeForest Asbl, Ogentroostlaan 15, B-3090 Overijse - Belgium
[3] Univ Connecticut, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Storrs, CT 06269 - USA
[4] Univ Sunshine Coast, Trop Forests & People Res Ctr, 90 Sippy Downs Dr, Sippy Downs, Qld 4556 - Australia
[5] Inst Pesquisas Ecol, Programa Restauracao Ecol Sistemas Agroflorestais, Base Pontal Paranapanema SP, Rua Ricardo Fogaroli 387, BR-1928000 Teodoro Sampaio, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Biotechnol & Plant & Anim Prod, CCA, Rodovia Anhanguera, Km 174, BR-13604900 Araras, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: RESTORATION ECOLOGY; v. 28, n. 5 JUL 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Large-scale forest restoration relies on approaches that are cost-effective and economically attractive to farmers, and in this context agroforestry systems may be a valuable option. Here, we compared ecological outcomes among (1) 12-15-year-old coffee agroforests established with several native shade trees, (2) 12-15-year-old high-diversity restoration plantations, and (3) reference old-growth forests, within a landscape restoration project in the Pontal do Paranapanema region, in the Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil. We compared the aboveground biomass, canopy cover, and abundance, richness, and composition of trees, and the regenerating saplings in the three forest types. In addition, we investigated the landscape drivers of natural regeneration in the restoration plantations and coffee agroforests. Reference forests had a higher abundance of trees and regenerating saplings, but had similar levels of species richness compared to coffee agroforests. High-diversity agroforests and restoration plantations did not differ in tree abundance. However, compared to restoration plantations, agroforests showed higher abundance and species richness of regenerating saplings, a higher proportion of animal-dispersed species, and higher canopy cover. The abundance of regenerating saplings declined with increasing density of coffee plants, thus indicating a potential trade-off between productivity and ecological benefits. High-diversity coffee agroforests provide a cost-effective and ecologically viable alternative to high-diversity native tree plantations for large-scale forest restoration within agricultural landscapes managed by local communities, and should be included as part of the portfolio of reforestation options used to promote the global agenda on forest and landscape restoration. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/21338-3 - Monitoring forest landscape restoration from unmanned aerial vehicles using Lidar and hyperspectral remote sensing
Grantee:Danilo Roberti Alves de Almeida
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/14697-0 - Monitoring the demography and diversity of forests undergoing restoration using a drone-lidar-hyperspectral system
Grantee:Danilo Roberti Alves de Almeida
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor