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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Ponds, puddles, floodplains and dams in the Upper Xingu Basin: could we be witnessing the `lentification' of deforested Amazonia?

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Schiesari, Luis [1] ; Ilha, Paulo R. [2, 3] ; Betin Negri, Daniel Din [2] ; Prado, Paulo Inacio [2, 4] ; Grillitsch, Britta [5]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Gestao Ambiental, Escola Artes Ciencias & Humanidades, BR-03828000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Programa Posgrad Ecol, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Pesquisa Ambiental Amazonia, BR-78640000 Canarana, MT - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, LAGE, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Vet Med Vienna, Dept Biomed Sci, A-1210 Vienna - Austria
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: PERSPECTIVES IN ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION; v. 18, n. 2, p. 61-72, APR-JUN 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Hydrological change is a conspicuous signal of land use intensification in human-dominated landscapes. We hypothesized that land conversion and land use change increase the availability of lentic habitats and associated biodiversity in Southern Amazonian landscapes through at least four drivers. River damming promotes the formation of reservoirs, which are novel permanent lentic water bodies. A rise in the water table driven by local deforestation promotes the expansion of shallow riparian floodplains. Soil compaction and the deliberate construction of cattle and drainage ponds promote the increase in temporary water bodies in interfluves. We tested these hypotheses using data on habitat characterization and biological surveys of amphibians and fish in forests, pastures and soybean fields in the headwaters of the Xingu River in Mato Grosso, Brazil. Lentic habitat availability sharply increased in deforested land, with consequences to freshwater biodiversity. Reservoir formation influenced both fish and amphibian assemblage structure. Fish species ranged from strongly favored to strongly disfavored by reservoir conditions. Amphibian richness and abundance increased in pasture and soybean streams relative to forests in proportion to the density of reservoirs in the landscape. Expansion of stream floodplains increased the abundance of Melanorivulus megaroni, a fish species indicator of shallow lentic habitats. Rainwater accumulation in temporary ponds and puddles, absent from well-drained forested interfluves, allowed the invasion of converted interfluves by twelve species of open-area amphibians. A literature review indicates that these four drivers of hydrological change are geographically widespread suggesting that we may be witnessing a major yet previously unaccounted form of habitat change in deforested Amazonia, affecting both biodiversity and human health. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57939-9 - Impacts of the expansion of the sugarcane agroindustry on freshwater communities
Grantee:Luis Cesar Schiesari
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/20458-6 - Effects of land use change on the ecology of fishes in the headwaters of the Xingu River
Grantee:Paulo Ricardo Ilha Jiquiriçá
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/52321-7 - Diversity and ecology of tadpoles from Central Amazonia
Grantee:Denise de Cerqueira Rossa-Feres
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants