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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Characterising the spatial distribution of opportunities and constraints for land sparing in Brazil

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Author(s):
dos Santos, Juliana Silveira [1, 2, 3] ; Feltran-Barbieri, Rafael [1, 4] ; Fonte, Ellen S. [1] ; Balmford, Andrew [5] ; Maioli, Veronica [1] ; Latawiec, Agnieszka [1, 6, 7, 8] ; Strassburg, Bernardo B. N. [1, 6, 9, 10] ; Phalan, Benjamin T. [11, 1, 12]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
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[1] Int Inst Sustainabil, BR-22460320 Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Spatial Ecol & Conservat Lab LEEC, Ecol Dept, Ave 24A, 1515, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Goias, Inst Ciencias Biol, Lab Genet & Biodiversidade, BR-74690900 Goiania, Go - Brazil
[4] World Resources Inst, Washington, DC 20002 - USA
[5] Univ Cambridge, Dept Zool, Cambridge CB2 3EJ - England
[6] Pontificia Univ Catolica Rio de Janeiro, Dept Geog & Environm, Rio Conservat & Sustainabil Sci Ctr, BR-22453900 Rio de Janeiro - Brazil
[7] Agr Univ Krakow, Fac Prod & Power Engn, Inst Agr Engn & Informat, Balicka 116B, PL-30149 Krakow - Poland
[8] Univ East Anglia, Sch Environm Sci, Norwich NR4 7TJ, Norfolk - England
[9] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Programa Pos Grad Ecol, BR-68020 Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[10] Bot Garden Res Inst Rio De Janeiro, BR-22460030 Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[11] Univ Fed Bahia, Inst Biol, BR-40170115 Salvador, BA - Brazil
[12] Parque Aves, BR-85855750 Foz Do Iguacu, Parana - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 12
Document type: Journal article
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 10, n. 1 FEB 6 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Brazil is a megadiversity country with more tropical forest than any other, and is a leading agricultural producer. The technical potential to reconcile these roles by concentrating agriculture on existing farmland and sparing land for nature is well-established, but the spatial overlap of this potential with conservation priorities and institutional constraints remains poorly understood. We mapped conservation priorities, food production potential and socio-economic variables likely to influence the success of land sparing. Pasture occupies 70% of agricultural land but contributes <= 11% of the domestic food supply. Increasing yields on pasture would add little to Brazil's food supply but - if combined with concerted conservation and restoration policies - provides the greatest opportunities for reducing land demand. Our study illustrates a method for identifying municipalities where land-sparing policies are most likely to succeed, and those where further effort is needed to overcome constraints such as land tenure insecurity, lack of access to technical advice, labour constraints, and non-compliance with environmental law. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/09713-6 - Proposal of an integrated and operational framework for monitoring the quality of areas in restoration process in the Atlantic Rain Forest
Grantee:Juliana Silveira dos Santos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate