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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

One decade of VOCs measurements in Sao Paulo megacity: Composition, variability, and emission evaluation in a biofuel usage context

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Author(s):
Dominutti, Pamela [1, 2, 3] ; Nogueira, Thiago [4, 2] ; Fornaro, Adalgiza [2] ; Borbon, Agnes [3]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ York, Dept Chem, Wolfson Atmospher Chem Labs, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire - England
[2] Univ Sao Paulo IAG USP, Dept Ciencias Atmosfer, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Clermont Auvergne, Lab Meteorol Phys, LaMP UMR 6016, CNRS, F-63178 Aubiere - France
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Saude Publ, Dept Saude Ambiental, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Science of The Total Environment; v. 738, OCT 10 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

In South America, the observations of atmospheric pollutants are deficient, and few cities have implemented air quality monitoring programs. In addition, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) observations are still missing, and little is known about their contributions to the atmospheric composition and impacts in a large ethanol usage context like Brazil. Here, we present a wide range of VOCs that have been measured for ten years in Sao Paulo Megacity (SPM) in different campaigns at traffic, urban and background sites. When compared with other cities worldwide, the average VOCs ambient concentrations in SPM were higher by factors of 2 to 10. However, the ambient VOCs distribution among these cities is homogeneous even for ethanol, aldehydes and alkenes species. Emission ratios (ER) were established related to carbon monoxide and acetylene, which did not depict strong seasonal and interannual variability in SPM. When compared with previous studies, ERs showed an enrichment from road-tunnel to background, suggesting the presence of other sources than traffic. A good agreement in ER was found with Los Angeles and Paris; but limited consistencies with Middle East and Asia cities. Our ethanol measurements show that contrasted ER can be obtained depending on the emission process involved, with a strong impact of evaporation on ethanol concentrations. The multiyear acetaldehyde analysis displayed that ER could be a valuable metric to assess the long-term changes in emissions sources. Finally, VOCs emissions were calculated from ER and compared with those estimated by the global emission inventory (Edgar). The total VOC emissions estimated by the global inventory agree very well with those from our observations up to 75%. Nevertheless, the VOCs speciation is misrepresented in the inventory, mainly for oxygenated and heavier alkanes compounds. These inconsistencies will also have an impact on the quantification of secondary atmospheric pollutants formation associated to road transport emissions. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/50128-9 - Astrid - accessibility, social justice and transport emission impacts of transit-oriented development strategies
Grantee:Adalgiza Fornaro
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/18777-6 - Assessment of vehicular emissions of organic and inorganic compounds from the combustion of biofuels and their contributions to air quality in the metropolitan area of São Paulo
Grantee:Thiago Nogueira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate