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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Impact of Clustering Oral Symptoms in the Pathogenesis of Radiation Caries: A Systematic Review

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Gouvea Vasconcellos, Adriele Ferreira [1] ; Palmier, Natalia Rangel [1] ; Ribeiro, Ana Carolina Prado [1, 2] ; Normando, Ana Gabriela Costa [1] ; Morais-Faria, Karina [2] ; Gomes-Silva, Wagner [3, 2] ; Vechiato Filho, Aljomar Jose [2] ; de Goes, Mario Fernando [1] ; Paes Leme, Adriana Franco [4] ; Brandao, Thais Bianca [2] ; Lopes, Marcio Ajudarte [1] ; Marsh, Philip D. [5] ; Santos-Silva, Alan Roger [1]
Total Authors: 13
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Piracicaba Dent Sch, Dept Oral Diag, Ave Limeira 901, Caixa Postal 52, BR-13414903 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo Canc Inst ICESP, Dept Dent, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Nove Julho Univ, Sch Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] CNPEM, Brazilian Biosci Natl Lab, LNBio, Campinas - Brazil
[5] Univ Leeds, Sch Dent, Dept Oral Microbiol, Leeds, W Yorkshire - England
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Review article
Source: Caries Research; v. 54, n. 2, p. 113-126, AUG 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Radiation-related caries (RRC) is a disease with a high potential for destruction of the dentition, which impairs quality of life in head-and-neck (HN) cancer (HNC) patients who undergo radiotherapy. In light of the recently described ``clustering of oral symptoms theory,{''} the present systematic review (PROSPERO CRD42019132709) aims to assess HN and gastrointestinal (GI) symptom clusters among HNC patients and discusses how these indirect effects of cancer therapy play a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of RRC. The search was performed at PubMed, Scopus, and Embase and resulted in 11 studies that met the inclusion criteria. Data extraction was performed with respect to the presence of HN/GI symptom clusters among HNC patients. The methodological data of the studies included were assessed using the MAStARI and GRADE instruments. The most prevalent reported HN symptoms were dysphagia, xerostomia, and pain. Taste alterations and fatigue were also commonly reported by the patients. Loss of appetite and weight loss were regularly reported in the studies, as well as nausea and vomiting. The results of the present study suggest that HNC treatment generates clusters of oral symptoms, leading to dietary changes, impaired oral hygiene, enamel fragility, and a highly cariogenic oral environment, which may impact the risk for RRC. A better understanding of oral symptom clustering could be of considerable clinical significance for the oral health and quality of life of HNC patients. Therefore, contemporary protocols of RRC prevention must take this broader treatment scenario of symptom clusters such as oral side effects into account. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/04657-8 - Salivary protein markers of radiation-related oral toxicites
Grantee:Natália Rangel Palmier
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/02233-6 - Oncological safety of the use of intraoral and extraoral photobiomodulation in patients with oral cavity and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma
Grantee:Alan Roger dos Santos Silva
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/18402-8 - Evaluation of the direct effects of radiation on the enamel, dentin and dental pulp of head and neck cancer patients
Grantee:Alan Roger dos Santos Silva
Support type: Regular Research Grants