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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Endogenous Activation of Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Contributes to Blood Pressure Control Role of Proximal Tubule Na+/H(+)Exchanger Isoform 3, Renal Angiotensin II, and Insulin Sensitivity

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Author(s):
Martins, Flavia L. [1] ; Bailey, Matthew A. [2] ; Girardi, Adriana C. C. [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Heart Inst InCor, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Edinburgh, Queens Med Res Inst, Ctr Cardiovasc Sci, Edinburgh, Midlothian - Scotland
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Hypertension; v. 76, n. 3, p. 839-848, SEP 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

The pharmacological administration of GLP-1R (glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor) agonists reduces blood pressure (BP) in type 2 diabetes mellitus and nondiabetic patients. This study tested the hypothesis that endogenous GLP-1R signaling influences the regulation of BP. To this end, SHRs (spontaneously hypertensive rats) and Wistar rats were treated with the GLP-1R antagonist Ex9 (exendin-9) or vehicle for 4 weeks. Rats receiving the GLP-1R agonist Ex4 (exenatide) were used as an additional control. We found that blockade of baseline GLP-1R signaling by Ex9 increased systolic BP in both SHR and Wistar rats, compared with vehicle-treated animals, while Ex4 only reduced systolic BP in SHR. Higher systolic BP induced by Ex9 was accompanied by reduced lithium clearance and lower levels of NHE3 (Na+/H(+)exchanger isoform 3) phosphorylation at the serine 552, indicative of increased proximal tubule sodium reabsorption. Additionally, urinary AGT (angiotensinogen) and renal cortical concentration of Ang II (angiotensin II) were enhanced by Ex9. Conversely, Ex4 decreased both urinary AGT and cortical Ang II but exclusively in SHRs. Moreover, both SHR and Wistar rats treated with Ex9 displayed hyperinsulinemia as compared with vehicle-treated rats, whereas Ex4 reduced fasting insulin concentration in SHR. Collectively, these results suggest that endogenous GLP-1R signaling exerts a physiologically relevant effect on BP control, which may be attributable, in part, to its tonic actions on the proximal tubule NHE3-mediated sodium reabsorption, intrarenal renin-angiotensin system, and insulin sensitivity. The possible role of impaired GLP-1R signaling in the pathogenesis of hypertension warrants further investigation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/22140-7 - Molecular bases of renal tubular function and dysfunction
Grantee:Adriana Castello Costa Girardi
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants