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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Extreme waves generated by cyclonic winds in the western portion of the South Atlantic Ocean

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Author(s):
Gramcianinov, C. B. [1] ; Campos, R. M. [1] ; Guedes Soares, C. [1] ; de Camargo, R. [2]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Lisbon, Ctr Marine Technol & Ocean Engn CENTEC, Inst Super Tecn, P-1049001 Lisbon - Portugal
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Dept Ciencias Atmosfer, Rua Matao 1226, Cidade Univ, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: OCEAN ENGINEERING; v. 213, OCT 1 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

This article analyzes the spatial distribution of extreme waves generated by extratropical cyclones and studies the atmospheric conditions that lead to the most severe events in the Southwestern portion of the South Atlantic Ocean. Significant wave heights from the NCEP/WW3 hindcast and atmospheric fields from NCEP/CFSR are selected for the analysis that joins automatic tracking of the storms with visual analyses of the most relevant cases. The synoptic pattern of extreme events suggested that extreme waves can occur in three regions of the cyclones: (1) behind the cold front; (2) along the warm front; and (3) ahead of the cold front. The first pattern is widely reported in the literature, while the others are unexplored in the region and are first reported in this paper. It was also shown that the anticyclone position relative to the cyclone center plays an important role in the extreme waves in two ways: (1) due to the increase of horizontal pressure gradient and, consequently, surface wind speed; and (2) affecting the cyclone displacement speed, which determines the fetch positioning and the wave generation process. The novel features identified show that slow cyclones tend to promote longer events of extreme waves, with impact on larger areas. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/08057-5 - Extreme Wind-Wave modeling and statistics in the Atlantic Ocean
Grantee:Pedro Leite da Silva Dias
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants