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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Exercise training reverses cancer-induced oxidative stress and decrease in muscle COPS2/ TRIP15/ALIEN

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Author(s):
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Alves, Christiano R. R. [1, 2, 3] ; Neves, Willian das [1, 4] ; Almeida, Ney R. de [1] ; Eichelberger, Eric J. [3] ; Jannig, Paulo R. [5] ; Voltarelli, Vanessa A. [1] ; Tobias, Gabriel C. [1] ; Bechara, Luiz R. G. [1] ; Faria, Daniele de Paula [6] ; Alves, Maria J. N. [7] ; Hagen, Lars [8, 9, 10] ; Sharma, Animesh [8, 9, 10] ; Slupphaug, Geir [8, 9, 10] ; Moreira, Jose B. N. [11] ; Wisloff, Ulrik [11] ; Hirshman, Michael F. [2] ; Negrao, Carlos E. [1, 7] ; Castro, Jr., Gilberto de [4] ; Chammas, Roger [6] ; Swoboda, Kathryn J. [3] ; Ruas, Jorge L. [5] ; Goodyear, Laurie J. [2] ; Brum, Patricia C. [1]
Total Authors: 23
Affiliation:
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[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Harvard Med Sch, Joslin Diabet Ctr, Sect Integrat Physiol & Metab, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
[3] Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Ctr Genom Med, Boston, MA 02114 - USA
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin HC FMUSP, ICESP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Karolinska Inst, Dept Physiol & Pharmacol, Stockholm - Sweden
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Dept Radiol & Oncol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Heart Inst, Sch Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[8] Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Clin & Mol Med, Trondheim - Norway
[9] NTNU, PROMEC, Prote & Modom Expt Core, Stjordal - Norway
[10] Cent Norway Reg Hlth Author, Stjordal - Norway
[11] Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Circulat & Med Imaging, KG Jebsen Ctr Exercise Med, Trondheim - Norway
Total Affiliations: 11
Document type: Journal article
Source: MOLECULAR METABOLISM; v. 39, SEP 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Objective: We tested the hypothesis that exercise training would attenuate metabolic impairment in a model of severe cancer cachexia. Methods: We used multiple in vivo and in vitro methods to explore the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects induced by exercise training in tumor-bearing rats. Results: Exercise training improved running capacity, prolonged lifespan, reduced oxidative stress, and normalized muscle mass and contractile function in tumor-bearing rats. An unbiased proteomic screening revealed COP9 signalosome complex subunit 2 (COPS2) as one of the most downregulated proteins in skeletal muscle at the early stage of cancer cachexia. Exercise training normalized muscle COPS2 protein expression in tumor-bearing rats and mice. Lung cancer patients with low endurance capacity had low muscle COPS2 protein expression as compared to agematched control subjects. To test whether decrease in COPS2 protein levels could aggravate or be an intrinsic compensatory mechanism to protect myotubes from cancer effects, we performed experiments in vitro using primary myotubes. COPS2 knockdown in human myotubes affected multiple cellular pathways, including regulation of actin cytoskeleton. Incubation of cancer-conditioned media in mouse myotubes decreased F-actin expression, which was partially restored by COPS2 knockdown. Direct repeat 4 (DR4) response elements have been shown to positively regulate gene expression. COPS2 overexpression decreased the DR4 activity in mouse myoblasts, and COPS2 knockdown inhibited the effects of cancer-conditioned media on DR4 activity. Conclusions: These studies demonstrated that exercise training may be an important adjuvant therapy to counteract cancer cachexia and uncovered novel mechanisms involving COPS2 to regulate myotube homeostasis in cancer cachexia. (C) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier GmbH. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/50336-3 - Predicting survival in non-small-cell lung cancer: a link between cancer cachexia, cardiorespiratory fitness and cancer immune surveillance?
Grantee:Patricia Chakur Brum
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/02528-0 - EFFECTS OF HIGH-INTENSITY PHYSICAL TRAINING ON SKELETAL MUSCLE OF WALKER 256 TUMOR-BEARING RATS
Grantee:Christiano Robles Rodrigues Alves
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 14/03016-8 - Cancer cachexia: effects of aerobic physical training on skeletal muscle in animal model
Grantee:Christiano Robles Rodrigues Alves
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 12/25240-1 - Effects of high-intensity interval training on skeletal muscle of Walker 256 tumor-bearing rats
Grantee:Christiano Robles Rodrigues Alves
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
FAPESP's process: 15/22814-5 - Cancer and heart: new paradigms of diagnosis and treatment
Grantee:Carlos Eduardo Negrão
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/01478-0 - Molecular mechanisms underlying cancer cachexia: exploring the role of COPS2
Grantee:Christiano Robles Rodrigues Alves
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 16/20187-6 - Caquexia in non-small cell lung cancer patient: physical fitness influence on prognosis
Grantee:Willian das Neves Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate