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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Psychometric characteristics of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-18 and eating behavior in undergraduate students

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Author(s):
Martins, Bianca Gonzalez [1] ; da Silva, Wanderson Roberto [1] ; Maroco, Joao [2] ; Duarte Bonini Campos, Juliana Alvares [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Food & Nutr, Rodovia Araraquara Jau, Km 01, BR-14800903 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Univ Ciencias Psicol Sociais & Vida, William James Ctr Res WJCR, Rua Jardim Tabaco 34, P-1149041 Lisbon - Portugal
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Eating and Weight Disorders-Studies on Anorexia Bulimia and Obesity; MAR 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Purpose To assess the psychometric characteristics of the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-18 (TFEQ-18) and to estimate the prevalence of cognitive restraint (CRes), uncontrolled eating (UE), and emotional eating (EE) among Brazilian undergraduate students. Methods A total of 775 students completed TFEQ-18 (62.1% females; total mean age = 20.9 years {[}SD = 2.8]; females mean age: 20.8 years {[}SD = 2.8]; males mean age: 21.2 years {[}SD = 2.7]). Total sample was randomly separated in test/validation samples. An assessment of psychometric characteristics was conducted to each subsample with confirmatory factor analysis considering the indices: chi-square per degree of freedom ratio (chi(2)/df), Comparative Fit Index (CFI), Tucker-Lewis Index (TLI), and Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA). The mean score of each TFEQ-18 factor was estimated. The prevalence of CRes, UE, and EE was calculated with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) and compared by sex and weight status. Results The psychometric characteristics of the TFEQ-18 were adequate in both samples (test/validation:chi(2)/df = 3.58/2.86; CFI = 0.938/0.958; TLI = 0.928/0.951; RMSEA = 0.081/0.069). The prevalence of students with moderate to exacerbated scores of CRes, UE, and EE was 34.4% (95%CI 31.1-37.7%), 35.6% (95%CI 32.2-39.0%), and 43.1% (95%CI 39.6-46.6%), respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in prevalence according to sex or weight status. Conclusions The TFEQ-18 presented adequate psychometric characteristics and indicated a high prevalence of CRes, UE, and EE among the students. This research emphasizes the importance of investigating aspects of eating behavior to best direct clinical and educational strategies for reducing the risk of adopting unhealthy eating behaviors among undergraduate students. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/21149-3 - Functional performance and body composition in university students with different eating behavior
Grantee:Bianca Gonzalez Martins
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 17/18679-0 - Eating behavior of Brazilian university students
Grantee:Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
Support type: Regular Research Grants