Favarin, B. Z.
Ramos, A. P.
Millan, J. L.
Costa-Filho, A. J.
Total Authors: 9
 Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Phys, FFCLRP, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, FFCLRP, Dept Chem, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
 Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Dept Biopathol & Imaging Diagnost, Rome - Italy
 Univ Roma Tor Vergata, Dept Expt Med, Rome - Italy
 Sanford Burnham Prebys Med Discovery Inst, La Jolla, CA - USA
Total Affiliations: 5
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics;
SEP 30 2020.
Web of Science Citations:
Bone biomineralization is mediated by a special class of extracellular vesicles, named matrix vesicles (MVs), released by osteogenic cells. The MV membrane is enriched in sphingomyelin (SM), cholesterol (Chol) and tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) compared with the parent cells' plasma membrane. TNAP is an ATP phosphohydrolase bound to cell and MV membranes via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. Previous studies have shown that the lipid microenvironment influences the catalytic activity of enzymes incorporated into lipid bilayers. However, there is a lack of information about how the lipid microenvironment controls the ability of MV membrane-bound enzymes to induce mineral precipitation. Herein, we used TNAP-harboring proteoliposomes made of either pure dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) or DMPC mixed with either Chol, SM or both of them as MV biomimetic systems to evaluate how the composition modulates the lipid microenvironment and, in turn, TNAP incorporation into the lipid bilayer by means of calorimetry. These results were correlated with the proteoliposomes' catalytic activity and ability to induce the precipitation of amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) in vitro. DMPC:SM proteoliposomes displayed the highest efficiency of mineral propagation, apparent affinity for ATP and substrate hydrolysis efficiency, which correlated with their highest degree of membrane organization (highest Delta H), among the tested proteoliposomes. Results obtained from turbidimetry and Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy showed that the tested proteoliposomes induced ACP precipitation with the order DMPC:SM > DMPC:Chol:SM approximate to DMPC:Chol > DMPC which correlated with the lipid organization and the presence of SM in the proteoliposome membrane. Our study arises important insights regarding the physical properties and role of lipid organization in MV-mediated mineralization. (AU)