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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Fulvic acids from Amazonian anthropogenic soils: Insight into the molecular composition and copper binding properties using fluorescence techniques

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dos Santos, Joao Vitor [1, 2] ; Fregolente, Lais Gomes [1, 3] ; Mounier, Stephane [2] ; Hajjoul, Houssam [2] ; Ferreira, Odair Pastor [3] ; Moreira, Altair Benedito [1] ; Bisinoti, Marcia Cristina [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias Letras & Ciencias Exatas, Dept Quim & Ciencias Ambientais, Lab Estudos Ciencias Ambientais, Rua Cristovao Colombo 2265, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Toulon & Var, Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS INSU, IRD, MIO UM 110, Mediterranean Inst Oceanog, CS 60584, F-83041 Toulon - France
[3] Univ Fed Ceara, Dept Fis, Lab Mat Funcionais Avancados, BR-60455900 Fortaleza, Ceara - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Fulvic acids (FA) are one of the components of humic substances and play an important role in the interaction with metallic species and, consequently, the bioavailability, distribution and toxicity of metals. However, only a few studies have investigated these FA properties in specific environment, such as anthropogenic soils. Therefore, knowledge about FA molecular composition as well as the FA-metal interaction is essential to predict their behavior in the soil. For this reason, the aim of this study was to investigate the molecular composition of FA extracted from two sites in an anthropogenic soil (Terra Mulata), from the Amazon region, as well as their interactions with Cu(II) ions as a model. Results from C-13 NMR, infrared and elemental analysis showed that these FA are composed mostly by alkyl structures and oxygen-functional groups, e.g., hydroxyl, carbonyl and carboxyl. The interaction with Cu(II) ions was evaluated by fluorescence quenching, in which the FA showed both high quantity of complexing sites per gram of carbon and good affinity to interact with the metal when compared with other soil FA. The results showed that the complexation capacity was highly correlated by the content of functional groups, while the binding affinity was largely influenced by structural factors. In addition, through the lifetime decay given by time-resolved fluorescence, it was concluded that static quenching took place in FA and Cu(II) interaction with the formation of a non-fluorescent ground-state complex. Therefore, this fraction of soil organic matter will fully participate in complexation reactions, thereby influencing the mobility and bioavailability of metal in soils. Hence, the importance of the study, and the role of FA in the environment, can be seen especially in the Amazon, which is one of the most important biomes in the world. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/15733-7 - Evaluation of the use of hydrochar for agricultural purposes and of magnetic coal as adsorbent material
Grantee:Márcia Cristina Bisinoti
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/13230-5 - Partial ethanol reforming: stability and selectivity of mix metal amphoteric oxides as catalysts for atmospheric pressure flow reaction
Grantee:Mauricio Boscolo
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/09914-9 - Humic and fulvic acids from hydrochar and anthropogenics soils: complexation capacity and characterization using molecular fluorescence
Grantee:João Vitor dos Santos
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 17/26718-6 - Humic Substances of Hydrochar and soils Amazon Dark Earth: Interactions with Macro and Micronutrients
Grantee:Altair Benedito Moreira
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/05408-9 - Characterization of humic substances extracted from hydrochar and terra mulata soil from Amazon Region
Grantee:João Vitor dos Santos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 15/22954-1 - Metal transportation and natural organic matter characterization from rivers of Itacoatiara, Amazônia
Grantee:Márcia Cristina Bisinoti
Support type: Regular Research Grants