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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Role of TLR4 in physical exercise and cardiovascular diseases

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Author(s):
de Vicente, Larissa G. [1] ; Pinto, Ana Paula [1] ; da Rocha, Alisson Luiz [1] ; Pauli, Jose R. [2] ; de Moura, Leandro P. [2] ; Cintra, Dennys E. [2] ; Ropelle, Eduardo R. [2] ; da Silva, Adelino S. R. [3, 1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Postgrad Program Rehabil & Funct Performance, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Sch Appl Sci, Lab Mol Biol Exercise LaBMEx, Limeira, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Review article
Source: CYTOKINE; v. 136, DEC 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Cardiovascular diseases are a leading cause of death for adults worldwide. Published articles have shown that toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the toll-like receptor (TLR) family, is involved in several cardiovascular diseases and can be modulated by physical exercise. TLR4 is the most expressed TLR in cardiac tissue and is an essential mediator of the inflammatory and apoptosis processes in the heart, playing a pivotal role in the development of cardiovascular diseases. Physical exercise is recognized as a non-pharmacological strategy for the prevention and treatment of these diseases. In addition, physical exercise can modulate the TLR4 in the mice heart, and its absence attenuates apoptosis, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and inflammation. However, the relationship between TLR4 and physical exercise-induced cardiac adaptations has barely been explored. Thus, the objective of this brief review was to discuss studies describing how TLR4 influences cardiac responses to physical exercise and present a link between these responses and cardiovascular diseases, showing physical activity improves the cardiac function of individuals with cardiovascular diseases through the TLR4 modulation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/09038-1 - EFFECTS OF REGULAR PHYSICAL EXERCISE AND OVERTRAINING ON THE BEHAVIOR OF THE AUTOPHAGIC PATHWAY IN DIFFERENT TISSUES OF MICE.
Grantee:Adelino Sanchez Ramos da Silva
Support type: Regular Research Grants