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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Mitochondria-ER Tethering in Neurodegenerative Diseases

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Author(s):
Raeisossadati, Reza [1] ; Ferrari, Merari F. R. [1]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Genet & Biol Evolut, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Review article
Source: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology; NOV 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Organelles juxtaposition has been detected for decades, although only recently gained importance due to a pivotal role in the regulation of cellular processes dependent on membrane contact sites. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria interaction is a prime example of organelles contact sites. Mitochondria-associated membranes (MAM) are proposed to harbor ER-mitochondria tether complexes, mainly when these organelles are less than 30 nm apart. Dysfunctions of proteins located at the MAM are associated with neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, as well as neurodevelopmental disorders; hence any malfunction in MAM can potentially trigger cell death. This review will focus on the role of ER-mitochondria contact sites, regarding calcium homeostasis, lipid metabolism, autophagy, morphology and dynamics of mitochondria, mainly in the context of neurodegenerative diseases. Approaches that have been employed so far to study organelles contact sites, as well as methods that were not used in neurosciences yet, but are promising and accurate ways to unveil the functions of MAM during neurodegeneration, is also discussed in the present review. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/08028-1 - CEGH-CEL - Human Genome and Stem Cell Research Center
Grantee:Mayana Zatz
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 18/07592-4 - The role of quality control mechanisms in the loss of proteostasis in age-dependent neurodegenerative diseases
Grantee:Merari de Fátima Ramires Ferrari
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/01290-9 - Analysis of ER and mitochondria dynamics and interaction during protein aggregation
Grantee:Seyed Reza Raeisossadati
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate