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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Equivalence relations and the contextual control of multiple derived stimulus functions

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Author(s):
Perez, William F. [1, 2] ; de Azevedo, Sunna P. [3] ; Gomes, Caina T. [1] ; Vichi, Christian [3]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Paradigma Ctr Ciencias & Tecnol Comportamento, Rua Wanderley 611, BR-05011001 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Comportamento Cognicao, Sao Carlos - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Vale Sao Francisco, Petrolina - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR; v. 115, n. 1, SI DEC 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Contextual control is a key aspect in equivalence research to support the claim that stimuli may have multiple functions or symbols may have multiple meanings. The present study investigated the contextual control of multiple derived stimulus functions in two experiments. In Experiment 1, equivalence classes were formed and one stimulus set from each class was used to establish two different functions: one via positive reinforcement (key-pressing) and another via negative reinforcement (button clicking), both under contextual control of two different background colors. Later, other stimuli from the equivalence class were presented on those background colors and contextual control of multiple derived stimulus functions was assessed. Experiment 2 added a third background in which no programmed response was reinforced, that is, responses were extinguished. Transfer-of-function tests revealed contextual control of three different functions, including derived extinction. Implications for equivalence relations as a behavior-analytical model of symbolic functioning are discussed. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57705-8 - Institute for the Study of Behavior, Cognition and Teaching
Grantee:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants