Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Different Stages of Alveolar Bone Repair Process Are Compromised in the Type 2 Diabetes Condition: An Experimental Study in Rats

Full text
Author(s):
Pitol-Palin, Leticia [1] ; de Souza Batista, Fabio Roberto [1] ; Silva Gomes-Ferreira, Pedro Henrique [1] ; Mulinari-Santos, Gabriel [1] ; Ervolino, Edilson [2] ; Souza, Francisley Avila [1] ; Matsushita, Doris Hissako [2] ; Okamoto, Roberta [2]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ Julio de Mesquita Filho, Aracatuba Dent Sch, Dept Diag & Surg, BR-16015050 Aracatuba - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ Julio de Mesquita Filho, Aracatuba Dent Sch, Dept Basic Sci, BR-16066840 Aracatuba - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: BIOLOGY-BASEL; v. 9, n. 12 DEC 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Simple Summary Type 2 diabetes (T2D) affects more than 90% of all patients diagnosed with diabetes, and among its risk factors, unhealthy eating habits are worth mentioning. With the notorious increase in the incidence of diabetic patients, there has also been an increase in surgical complications in dentistry, so this work presents a study model that mimics the T2D condition in rats, where animals receive a diet composed of foods rich in sugar and fat equivalent to the poor diet of the current population. The animals were submitted to dental extraction to perform analyzes at different stages of the alveolar bone. It is important to highlight that with the development of this experimental model it will be possible to simulate different conditions that are observed in clinics and in consequence and improve the characterization of the cellular responses involved in this complex condition of T2D. The scientific evidence presented in this study shows that T2D prolongs the local inflammatory process, which impairs the organization and maturation of collagen fibers, delaying bone formation and bone turnover. This fact implies in a series of disorders in dental practice, that would need to compensate in other ways, either with systemic medications or local therapies. The aim of this study was to analyze the stages of the alveolar bone repair in type 2 diabetic rats evaluating the mechanism of mineralization and bone remodeling processes after dental extraction. Forty-eight rats were divided into normoglycemic (NG) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) groups. The upper right incisor was extracted and after 3, 7, 14 and 42 days the animals were euthanized. The following analyses were performed: immunolabeling against antibodies TNF alpha, TGF beta, IL6, WNT, OCN and TRAP, collagen fibers maturation, microtomography and confocal microscopy. Data were submitted to statistical analysis. The immunolabeling analysis showed that the T2D presented a more pronounced alveolar inflammation than NG. Labeling of proteins responsible for bone formation and mineralization was higher in NG than T2D, which presented greater resorptive activity characterized by TRAP labeling. Also, T2D group showed a decrease in the amount of collagen fibers. Micro-CT analysis showed that T2D causes a decrease in bone volume percentage due to deficient trabecular parameters and higher porosity. The T2D bone dynamics show a loss in bone remodeling process. T2D prolongs the local inflammatory process, which impairs the organization and maturation of collagen fibers, delaying bone formation that generates impact on mineralization and bone turnover. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/03114-0 - ASSOCIATION OF SYSTEMIC AND LOCAL MEDICAMENT TREATMENT DURING THE PERIMPLANTAR REPAIR PROCESS IN OVARIECTOMIZED RATS CARRIERS OF METABOLIC SYNDROME
Grantee:Roberta Okamoto
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/25747-0 - Alveolar repair process evaluation in rats with type 2 diabetes, induced by high-fat diet and low dose of streptozotocin: morphometric, immunohistochemistry and birefringence microscopy analysis
Grantee:Letícia Pitol Palin
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 19/01634-0 - Perimplantar repair in rats type 2 diabetics treated with the combination of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy and polyphenol compounds: biomechanical, histometric, microtomographic and molecular characterization
Grantee:Letícia Pitol Palin
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master