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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Changes in the equatorial mode of the Tropical Atlantic in terms of the Bjerknes Feedback Index

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Silva, Paulo [1] ; Wainer, Ilana [1] ; Khodri, Myriam [2]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Oceanog Inst, Praca Oceanog 191, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Sorbonne Univ, LOCEAN IRD IPSL, Paris - France
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Climate Dynamics; v. 56, n. 9-10 JAN 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

One of the main modes of sea surface temperature variability in the Tropical Atlantic is the Atlantic Equatorial Mode or Atlantic Nino. The region of largest interannual variability, where the Atlantic Cold Tongue forms, is also a region of consistent biases in climate models. In this study, we investigate the interannual variability of the Tropical Atlantic and its changes in the recent decades in terms of the Bjerknes Feedback Index (I-BJ) in a set of seven ocean reanalyses for the periods 1980-1999 and 2000-2010. Differences were observed among the reanalyses regarding their representation of each term of the Bjerknes Feedback, particularly regarding zonal surface currents, leading to differences in dynamical damping and the zonal advective feedback. However, a consistent negative index (damped) is observed in all reanalysis, with the thermocline feedback being the dominant positive term and thermal damping the dominant negative term. Warming trends are observed in sea surface temperatures in the cold tongue region in all reanalyses, as well as a decrease in interannual variability. These in turn are associated with a weakening in the Bjerknes Feedback in the early XXI century, indicated by a stronger and negative index. This results from a stronger thermal damping and weaker thermocline feedback, associated with a weaker response of equatorial zonal thermocline slope to equatorial zonal wind stress. Despite the spread among the reanalysis, the results obtained are consistent with previous studies. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/14789-9 - Impact of volcanism on the South American Monsoon System and its relationship with the Atlantic Ocean sea surface temperature modes of variability
Grantee:Ilana Elazari Klein Coaracy Wainer
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/17659-0 - South Atlantic Variability and Change since 850 C.E. An Ensemble Approach with the NCAR - Community Earth System Model (CESM)
Grantee:Ilana Elazari Klein Coaracy Wainer
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research