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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Reversibility of digit loss revisited: Limb diversification in Bachia lizards (gymnophthalmidae)

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Kohlsdorf, Tiana [1]
Total Authors: 1
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, FFCLRP, Dept Biol, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Strict interpretations of the Dollo's Law lead to postulation that trait loss is irreversible and organisms never recover ancestral phenotypes. Dollo, however, admitted the possibility of reversals in trait loss when predicted differences between reversed (derived) and ancestral forms. Phenotypic signatures from reversals are expected, as the historical context of a reversal in trait loss differs from the initial setting where the trait originally evolved. This article combines morphological and molecular information for Bachia scolecoides to discuss phenotypic and genetic patterns established during processes that reversed digit loss in Gymnophthalmidae (also termed microteiid lizards). Results suggest that pathways leading to the derived tetradactyl state of B. scolecoides comprise particularities in their origin and associated processes. Autopodial bones of B. scolecoides lack digit identity, and muscle anatomy is very similar between manus and pes. Gymnophthalmidae sequence patterns in the limb-specific sonic hedgehog enhancer (ZRS) suggest that regulation of shh expression did not degenerate in Bachia, given the prediction of similar motifs despite mutations specific to Bachia. Persistence of developmental mechanisms might explain intermittent character expression leading to reversals of digit loss, as ZRS signaling pathways remain active during the development of at least one pair of appendices in Bachia, especially if some precursors persisted at early stages. Patterns of ZRS sequences suggest that irreversibility of trait loss might be lineage-specific (restricted to Gymnophthalmini) and contingent to the type of signature established. These results provide insights regarding possible mechanisms that may allow reactivation of developmental programs in specific regions of the embryo. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/07650-6 - Ecology, evolution and development (Eco-Evo-Devo) in the Brazilian herpetofauna
Grantee:Tiana Kohlsdorf
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants