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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Valorization of Corncob by Hydrolysis-Hydrogenation to Obtain Xylitol Under Mild Conditions

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Delgado-Arcano, Yaime [1, 2] ; Mandelli, Dalmo [2] ; Carvalho, Wagner Alves [2] ; Magalhaes Pontes, Luiz Antonio [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Fed Univ Bahia UFBA, Aristides Novis 02, 2nd Floor, BR-40210630 Salvador De Bahia, BA - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ ABC UFABC, Ave Estados 5001, BR-09210580 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Purpose The pretreatment of biomass represents a large energy expenditure in the production of sugar alcohols. Current research efforts are focused on integrating catalytic processes to decrease operating time and reduce energy and raw material consumption. In this work, the hydrolysis-hydrogenation of hemicellulose for xylitol production direct from corncob was studied. It was used two strategies of hydrogenation: H-2 gas under pressure, and isopropanol as H-2 donor. The importance of the presence of H2SO4 and 5% Ru/C catalyst in the reaction medium was analyzed. Methods It was considered the use of H-2 pressure (2 MPa) and employing isopropanol (water-isopropanol 1:3) as a source of hydrogen. The reaction products were determined by HPLC. Results The 5% Ru/C catalyst was active and selective for the conversion of xylose to xylitol. To promote the hydrolysis of the hemicellulose fraction of the corncob into xylose, the addition of acid was necessary. Under mild conditions (0.1% H2SO4, 413 K), xylose was detected as the main product, indicating the good selectivity of the first hemicellulose conversion step. A xylitol yield was 19% under H-2 pressure while with isopropanol 7% was obtained. Conclusion The intermediate purification step was eliminated because as xylose was formed it was simultaneously hydrogenated to produce xylitol in the presence of Ru catalyst. Cellulose remained intact in the solid residue and could be used to obtain other products, such as glucose, sorbitol, ethanol, or charcoal. {[}GRAPHICS] . (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/24931-4 - Polyols conversion promoted by alternative catalysts under conventional and microwave heating
Grantee:Wagner Alves Carvalho
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/01258-5 - Novel chemical catalytic and photocatalytic processes for the direct conversion of methane and CO2 to products
Grantee:José Maria Correa Bueno
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants