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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Memory Effect of the Southern Atlantic Subtropical Dipole

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Santis, Wlademir [1] ; Castellanos, Paola [2] ; Campos, Edmo [1, 3]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Lisbon, Marine & Environm Sci Ctr, Fac Ciencias, Lisbon - Portugal
[3] Amer Univ Sharjah, Coll Arts & Sci, Sharjah - U Arab Emirates
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Climate; v. 33, n. 17, p. 7679-7696, SEP 1 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The South Atlantic subtropical dipole is the dominant mode of coupled variability in the South Atlantic, connecting sea level pressure and sea surface temperature. Previous studies have shown its great relevance to the climate conditions over South America and West Africa. We have used several numerical experiments with the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model to investigate the effects that an austral winter-spring dipole asserts on the South Atlantic. We explore the interaction between SST anomalies and the formation of the fossilized mixing region, which preserve temperature anomalies underneath the summer mixed layer, until they feed back to SST after the next autumn. It was found that, through this process, there is a memory effect that restores temperature anomalies from an austral winter-spring dipole back to the austral winter of the following year. The dominant mechanisms are the contribution from entrainment and surface net heat flux (NHF). Entrainment is mostly controlled by vertical temperature gradient anomalies, while surface NHF is controlled by interactions of climatological ocean heat loss and anomalies of mixed layer thickness. Our results suggest that the combined effect of entrainment and surface NHF is different in the southwest and northeast dipole regions, leading to differences in both intensity and timing of SST anomalies. Turbulent and nonlinear processes are most important to reduce entrainment in the southwest dipole region and to increase the memory effect asymmetry. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/09659-6 - Interannual variability of the meridional transports across the SAMOC basin-wide array (SAMBAR)
Grantee:Edmo José Dias Campos
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/08572-3 - Oceanic Inter-hemispheric Exchanges: Tropic-Extratropic Conecctions in the South Atlantic - Analyses of Observations and Numerical Results
Grantee:Paola Maria Castellano Ossa Fernandes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/50552-4 - Impact of the Southern Atlantic on the global overturning circulation (MOC) and climate (SAMOC)
Grantee:Edmo José Dias Campos
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/11366-1 - The role of the South Atlantic in the distribution of heat and mass balance in the global circulation: hiatus of climate change?
Grantee:Paola Maria Castellano Ossa Fernandes
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 17/25110-4 - Investigation of the Physical Process Associated with the Impacts of the South Atlantic Dipole in the South America
Grantee:Wlademir Jose de Santis Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate