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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Forest fires facilitate growth of herbaceous bamboos in central Amazonia

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Author(s):
Guimaraes Ziccardi, Leonardo [1, 2] ; dos Reis, Mateus [2] ; Lima de Alencastro Graca, Paulo Mauricio [2] ; Borges Goncalves, Nathan [1] ; Pontes-Lopes, Aline [3] ; Aragao, Luiz E. O. C. [4, 3] ; de Oliveira, Reyjane Patricia [5] ; Clark, Lynn [6] ; Fearnside, Philip Martin [2]
Total Authors: 9
Affiliation:
[1] Michigan State Univ, Dept Forestry, E Lansing, MI 48824 - USA
[2] Natl Inst Res Amazonia INPA, Environm Dynam Dept, Av Andre Araujo 2936, BR-69067375 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[3] Natl Inst Space Res INPE, Remote Sensing Div, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Exeter, Coll Life & Environm Sci, Exeter, Devon - England
[5] Univ Estadual Feira de Santana, DCBIO, Feira De Santana, BA - Brazil
[6] Iowa State Univ, Dept Ecol Evolut & Organismal Biol, Ames, IA - USA
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Biotropica; v. 53, n. 4 FEB 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Severe droughts in Amazonia caused by El Nino and Atlantic dipole events are expected to become more frequent due to anthropogenic climate change. These droughts lead the tropical forests of central Amazonia to become increasingly exposed to fire. Forest-fire disturbances can create ideal scenarios for opportunistic plants, such as some bamboos. In this study, we investigate the influence of forest fires, canopy openness, and vertical distance to channel network (VDCN-a proxy for soil moisture availability) on the growth and expansion of Olyra latifolia and Taquara micrantha in the municipality of Autazes, Amazonas, Brazil. The density of these herbaceous bamboos was represented by the density of clumps (clumps ha(-1)) and of culms (culms ha(-1)), while bamboo growth was expressed as culms per clump and the average height of clumps. Forest disturbed by fire had a density of culms 116% higher than the value found in the control treatment. Plots affected by fire, which were at lower VDCN, showed evidence of higher potential for fire ignition in the low areas. The average number of culms per clump was significantly higher in post-burn forests. While canopy opening revealed a significant positive linear relationship with the abundance of herbaceous bamboo in our study area, VDCN had a negative effect on bamboo growth, suggesting that, in addition to fire, light in the understory and access to the water table are limiting factors for these two species in the upland forests of central Amazonia. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/21043-8 - Airborne LiDAR for quantifying changes in biomass stocks and structural dynamics in fire-damaged forests in Central Amazon
Grantee:Aline Pontes Lopes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/15001-6 - ARBOLES: a trait-based understanding of LATAM forest biodiversity and resilience
Grantee:Luiz Eduardo Oliveira e Cruz de Aragão
Support type: Regular Research Grants