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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Mast cells contribute to alveolar bone loss in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats with periodontal disease regulating cytokines production

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Balera Brito, Victor Gustavo [1, 2] ; Patrocinio, Mariana Sousa [1] ; Linjardi Sousa, Maria Carolina [1] ; Alves Barreto, Ayna Emanuelli [1, 2] ; Tfaile Frasnelli, Sabrina Cruz [1] ; Lara, Vanessa Soares [3] ; Santos, Carlos Ferreira [4] ; Penha Oliveira, Sandra Helena [1, 2]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Sch Dent, Dept Basic Sci, Aracatuba, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Sch Dent, SBFis, Programa Multicentr Posgrad Ciencias Fisiol, Aracatuba, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Bauru Sch Dent, Dept Biol Sci, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Bauru Sch Dent, Dept Stomatol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 16, n. 3 MAR 4 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Mast cells (MCs) play a pivotal role in inflammatory responses and had been studied in inflammatory bone disorders, however, their role in alveolar bone loss induced by periodontal disease (PD) is not yet fully understood. We, therefore, aimed to evaluate the effects of MCs depletion in the PD-induced alveolar bone loss in Wistar (W) and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRs). PD was induced by ligating the lower first molars with silk thread one day after the MCs depletion, by the pre-treatment with compound 48/80 for 4 days. After 15 days of PD induction, the hemi-mandibles were surgically collected for qRT-PCR, histological analyses, immunostaining, and ELISA. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was verified by tail plethysmography to confirm the hypertensive status, and SHR presented SBP >150 mmHg, and previous MC depletion alone or associated with PD did not alter this parameter. SHRs showed a more severe alveolar bone loss compared to W, and MC depletion significantly inhibited this response in both strains, with a more significant response in SHRs. MCs were less abundant in 48/80+PD groups, thus validating the previous MCs depletion in our model. PD increased the number of MC in the gingival tissue of SHR. Cytokine production (TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-1 beta, and CXCL3) was constitutively higher in SHR and increased further after PD, which was also significantly reduced in the MCs-depleted animals. PD led to an increased expression of Opn, Rankl, Rank, Vtn, Itga5, Itgb5, Trap, and Ctsk in the mandible of W and SHRs, which was reversed in MCs-depleted animals. These results suggest that MCs significantly contributes to the PD-induced alveolar bone resorption, especially in the SHR, which is associated with a more severe PD progression compared to Wistar, partly explained by these cells contribution to the inflammatory status and mediator production, stimulating osteoclast-related response markers, which were reduced after MC depletion in our experimental model. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/23676-3 - MicroRNAs role in bone impairment induced by periodontal disease and the local renin-angiotensin system in spontaneous hypertensive rats
Grantee:Victor Gustavo Balera Brito
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/05873-3 - In vitro analysis of mast cells and renin-angiotensin system role of spontaneously hypertensive animals osteoblasts and osteoclasts
Grantee:Sabrina Cruz Tfaile Frasnelli
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 17/07095-8 - The role of mast cells upon the in vitro osteogenic differentiation of the mesenchymal stromal cells from the bone marrow of mice
Grantee:Maria Carolina Linjardi de Sousa
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 17/02271-2 - The role of Telmisartan in osteoblastic differentiation in spontaneously hypertensive rats
Grantee:Mariana Sousa Patrocinio
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 15/03965-2 - Role of the renin-angiotensin system in different oral inflammatory models: an experimental interdisciplinary and clinical approach
Grantee:Carlos Ferreira dos Santos
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants