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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

From the individual to the colony: Marine invertebrates as models to understand levels of biological organization

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Hiebert, Laurel S. [1, 2] ; Vieira, Leandro M. [3] ; Tiozzo, Stefano [4] ; Simpson, Carl [5, 6] ; Grosberg, Richard K. [7] ; Migotto, Alvaro E. [1, 2] ; Morandini, Andre C. [1, 2] ; Brown, Federico D. [8, 1, 2]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Biol Marinha CEBIMar, Sao Sebastiao - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Rua Matao Travessa 14 101, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Ctr Biociencias, Dept Zool, Lab Estudos Bryozoa LAEBry, Recife, PE - Brazil
[4] Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, Lab Biol Dev Villefranche Sur Mer LBDV, Paris - France
[5] Univ Colorado, Dept Geol Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 - USA
[6] Univ Colorado, Museum Nat Hist, Boulder, CO 80309 - USA
[7] Univ Calif Davis, Coastal & Marine Sci Inst, Davis, CA 95616 - USA
[8] Inst Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Estudos Interdisciplin, Salvador, BA - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 8
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

The developmental and evolutionary principles of coloniality in marine animals remain largely unexplored. Although many common traits have evolved independently in different groups of colonial animals, questions about their significance for colonial life histories remain unanswered. In 2018 (Nov. 25 - Dec. 8), the inaugural course on the Evolution of Coloniality and Modularity took place at the Center for Marine Biology of the University of Sao Paulo (CEBIMAR-USP), Brazil. During the intensive two-week graduate-level course, we addressed some of the historical ideas about animal coloniality by focal studies in bryozoans, tunicates, cnidarians, and sponges. We discussed many historical hypotheses and ways to test these using both extant and paleontological data, and we carried direct observations of animal colonies in the different phyla to address questions about coloniality. We covered topics related to multi-level selection theory and studied colonial traits, including modular miniaturization, polymorphism, brooding, and allorecognition. Course participants carried out short research projects using local species of animals to address questions on allorecognition and regeneration in ascidians and sponges, fusion and chimerism in anthoathecate hydrozoans, and evolution of polymorphism in bryozoans. Although many questions remain unanswered, this course served as a foundation to continue to develop a developmental and evolutionary synthesis of clonal and modular development in colonial marine organisms. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/05923-3 - Cells and tissues of dormancy in ascidians: underlying developmental mechanisms and evolutionary origins
Grantee:Laurel Sky Hiebert
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 15/50164-5 - Stem cells, regeneration, and the evolution of coloniality in ascidians
Grantee:Federico David Brown Almeida
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/06927-5 - Forging technical breakthroughs for colonial ascidian developmental biology research: transgenesis and mutagenesis in Botryllus schlosseri
Grantee:Federico David Brown Almeida
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research
FAPESP's process: 18/50017-0 - Clonal strategies in subantartic and subtropical colonial ascidians
Grantee:Federico David Brown Almeida
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/14052-8 - Origins of coloniality: Developmental mechanisms and directionality of colonial coalescence in ascidians
Grantee:Laurel Sky Hiebert
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral