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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

eficiency of ARHGAP21 alters megakaryocytic cell lineage responses and enhances platelet hemostatic functio

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Bernusso, Vanessa Aline [1] ; Vieira, Karla P. [1] ; Duarte, Adriana S. S. [1] ; Lescano, Caroline Honaiser [2] ; Monica, Fabiola Zakia [2] ; Vicente, Cristina Pontes [3] ; De Paula, Erich Vinicius [1] ; Olalla Saad, Sara Teresinha [1] ; Lazarini, Mariana [4, 1]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Hematol & Transfus Med Ctr, Rua Carlos Chagas, 480 Cidade Univ, BR-13083878 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Med Sci, Dept Pharmacol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Struct & Funct Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Pharmaceut Sci, Diadema, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 1

Background: Microtubules, actin and Rho GTPase proteins are essential players in the megakaryocyte biology for platelet formation and function. Objectives: To investigate the role of ARHGAP21, a RhoGAP protein, in megakaryocytic differentiation and platelet function. Methods: Cytoskeletal proteins were investigated in HEL cells silenced for ARHGAP21 and submitted to megakaryocyte differentiation. The role of Arhgap21 in platelet function was accessed using haploinsufficient (Arhgap21(+/-)) mice. Arhgap21(+/-) platelet aggregation and p-selectin exposure were evaluated in response to thrombin. Vessel occlusion time and thrombus formation were detected after injury of the carotid artery. Platelet morphology was accessed by electronic microscopy. Results: ARHGAP21 was upregulated during megakaryocytic differentiation of the cell line and primary mouse cells. In the HEL cell model, ARHGAP21 was detected in the cytoplasmic protrusions, colocalized and associated with alpha-tubulin and was mostly detected in the protein cell fraction containing the polymerized tubulin. Silencing of ARHGAP21 decreased the expression of Glu-tubulin, suggesting microtubule instability, and enhanced cell spreading. Platelets from Arhgap21(+/-) mice presented enhanced thrombin-induced aggregation and p-selectin exposure associated with increased size of alpha-granules. Arhgap21(+/-) mice also showed increased CDC42 and RHOA activities, shorter tail-bleeding and accelerated thrombus formation. Conclusions: Our results indicate that ARHGAP21 may be a critical protein in the regulation of platelet production and function through the control of cytoskeletal rearrangement. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/21801-2 - Predictors of severity and new treatments for bone marrow neoplasias
Grantee:Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/13022-2 - Study of the role of ARHGAP21 protein in platelet formation and angiogenesis
Grantee:Vanessa Aline Bernusso
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/19674-2 - Study of Rho family of GTPases in Myelodysplastic Syndromes and Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Grantee:Mariana Lazarini
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants